Poland holidays guide, useful information for travel and tourism

poland map
poland map

Travel Guide Poland, useful information for trip.

Poland in brief

  • Capital: Warsaw
  • Surface area in sq km: 312 683 sq km
  • Population: 38,081,970
  • Religion: Catholic Majority

Where is Poland

Poland is a country in Central with the capital Warsaw, which borders Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, Lithuania and the Russian province of Kaliningrad northeast .

Origin of the name Poland

The name comes from the name of the tribe of Polanie who lived in the basin of the River Warta and that means people who work the fields.

Poland is divided naturally in the three territorial areas from north to south. The northern part is washed by the Baltic Sea, with a low coast 491 km long characterized by recurrent and vast lagoons, separated from the sea by strips of sand, and coastal lakes. In inland areas of Poland, covered largely forested and rich in lakes, lie flat terrain or hilly with average heights just below two hundred meters. The Lakelands includes northeast, on the border with Belarus, the Bialowieza Forest and Masuri lakes of glacial formation of the main ones Sniardwy Lake and Lake Mamry.

To the north of the rivers Warta and Notec to the border with the Baltic coastal region north west, lies the region of Pomerania. In the middle there are extensive and fertile soils of the floodplains of the rivers Oder and Vistula, often marked by lakes and bogs. The southern belt is characterized on the contrary by foothills and the two mountain ranges of the Western Carpathians and the Bohemian Massif. The mountain ranges of the Sudeten and Carpathian mark the southern border of Poland. The highest altitude is Mount Rysy (2,499 m.), Located in the Tatra Mountains, the highest part of the Carpathians.

Poland’s Hidrography

The hydrographic network in Poland consists mainly from the basins of the rivers Oder and Vistula. The longest river is the Vistula born in Beskid West and before emptying into the Gulf of Gdansk, the Baltic Sea, receives the waters of many tributaries including the Bug, the San and Narew. The Oder was born in the Sudeten Mountains in the Moravian territory and goes to flow into the Gulf of Pomerania enriched by the waters of the Warta River, its largest tributary, which in turn has as its tributaries the Nysa and Notec. Result of ancient glaciations is the presence of many lakes, especially in the northern part of the country. The main ones are the Sniardwy Lake and Lake Mamry, which are located in the region of Masuria.

Poland’s climate

In Poland, from the east come the current leading continental cold winters and hot, dry summers, from the west entrance are characterized by maritime influences not too cold winters and humid summers. The clash of these currents as well as making the cloudy sky for many days of the year, causing sudden changes in weather conditions and different depending on the area, as the air masses that affect this country, moving freely on its territory without finding natural barriers of relief, cause climate change rather quickly.


Poland’s population is formed by Polish and small minorities of Germans, Ukrainians, Lithuanians, Jews and Belarusians.

Time zone

UTC/GMT +1 hour


Poland’s official language is Polish.

Poland’s economy

The entry of Poland in the European Union, in 2004, contributes positively to economic growth. The country has already achieved good results in economic development, but the implementation of new fiscal and economic reforms would be useful for a step further. Agriculture, which plays an important role thanks to the many small landowners very little impact on the production of income, which comes mostly from the service sector, particularly the banking system, and to a lesser extent by the secondary sector represented mainly by manufacturing industry.
Major production and export of coal. Other natural resources are lignite, sulfur, copper, zinc, lead, rock salt and methane. The main crops are wheat, rye, potatoes, sugar beet, flax and canola. As for the breeding are treated mainly cattle, pigs and courtyards. Three natural resources to remember the presence of extensive forests.

When to go Poland

The best time to visit Poland is from late May to late September. The winter months, accompanied by frequent snowfalls, are suitable for a ski holiday in the Tatra Mountains or for a fascinating visit to the city.


If you’re UE citizens: Identity card or passport.
The country is part of the European Union and adheres to the Schengen Agreement.


Calling code is: 0048


The electric current in Poland is 230 V 50 Hz. Sockets type C and type E.


The official currency is Polish Zloty.