Pompeii: the history of the ancient city eruption excavations

Pompeii represent a unique testimony of the Roman civilization and made ​​this town famous throughout the world.

Guide ruins of Pompeii

It all started with the first causal discoveries made ​​at the end of the sixteenth century, during the reclamation of the Sarno Valley. In 1748, under Charles III of Bourbon, began the first underground explorations that led to identify the site of Pompeii, located on a spur produced by a lava flow, emitted by Vesuvius during an eruption occurred in prehistoric times. The site is located near the Gulf of Naples.

The excavations have brought to light a city of the ancient world, an exceptional example of Roman civilization, where life stopped suddenly in the year 79 AD, when a catastrophic eruption of Vesuvius covered the fiery lapilli and ash, men and things, under a layer of eruptive material 4-5 meters high. Pompeii originated in the seventh century BC with the unification of most agricultural centers, was under the hegemony of the Greek and Etruscan period, then ended up in the hands of the Sunnis.

In Roman sannita the city lived a prosperous period, also about the wealth resulting from the production and trade of wine, as evidenced by the monuments, urban development and the construction of new fortification of the city. But after losing the war of the rebellion of the Italian towns against Rome in 80 BC Pompeii was besieged and conquered by Silla, therefore lost its autonomy and became a Roman colony with the name of the official of Colonia Cornelia Veneria Pompeianorum, consequently there was a change in public office and religious, and the official language became Latin.

In imperial age with the gradual Romanization of social life the city took the architecture and the art of Roman culture. In 62 AD, an earthquake struck Pompeii causing extensive damage, so much so that at the time of the 79 many buildings were still in the process of restoration and reconstruction.

Pompeii unearthed from the eruptive material, has come to our days not only with its architecture and its urban plan, but also with daily life that took place there, habits, crafts, objects, written on the walls, all as was that day when the eruption stopped time. The gases harmful airborne caused the death, so by pouring liquid plaster into the void left by the bodies, now dissolved, it was possible to get the casts of the victims of the disaster, giving witness to the tragedy that on that day was consumed.