Pontine Islands holidays which are, what to see, excursions
Holidays in the archipelago of the Pontine islands list, what to visit, history, physical characteristics of the area and the most beautiful beaches not to be missed.
Guide Pontine Islands
Islands Pontine are an archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea, south of the Circeo. The islands are divided into the group of northwest, Ponza, Gavi, Zannone, Palmarola, and in the group of southeast, Ventotene and Santo Stefano. From the administrative point of view depends on the province of Latina, in Lazio. Are the town of Ponza islands of Ponza, Palmarola, Zannone and Gavi. They belong instead to the municipality of Ventotene island of the same name and the islet of Santo Stefano.
What are the Pontine islands
Ponza is the largest of the Pontine Islands, also known as the Pontine islands, is located in the Tyrrhenian Sea, in the Gulf of Gaeta. It is part of the province of Latina, in Lazio. The volcanic island is mostly mountainous, reaches its maximum altitude south with Mount Guardia, 280 masl The coasts are mostly high, very steep and jagged, a succession of bays and inlets, underwater caves and reefs, which make it very interesting diving. Are famous the stacks and cliffs of Lucia Rosa, who take their name from a fact really happened at the end of 1800. A girl named Lucia Rosa jet ‘from the cliff’ cause hampered by family in his desire to marry a local boy.
Accessible by land via a walking path is the beautiful beach of Cala Feola with its natural swimming pools, two deep enclosed bays, accessible from the sea through a very narrow passage. Another very impressive and cove ‘Cala Fonte, is easily reached from the ground, and is protected by a rocky headland where fishermen dug the tanks used in the past to keep alive the catch and depositarci boats and fishing tools .
Along the east coast is the Cala Inferno, a wall eroded by the sea, wind and earthquakes, where there are the remains of an arduous staircase leading down from the town of Forna to the sea, at the base are still visible entrances of burrows of the Roman aqueduct that crossed the island and went up to Santa Maria. A very popular beach is Chiaia di Luna, a strip of sand protected from behind by a rock cliff, unfortunately the beach very often closed to the public for instability ‘of the rock.
The island was inhabited by ETA ‘of the Bronze Age and Neolithic. The Phoenicians were the first to create us a cargo terminal, the Greeks began the construction of the first aqueducts, later completed by the Romans. The island was conquered by the Volsci, an ancient Italic people, go back to them the polygonal walls of the hill of the Madonna. During the Roman period the island originally had a military vocation and then became a golden exile for famous people of the time, they were built villas and extraordinary hydraulic works.
With the advent of Christianity and the persecution of Christians, the island became a place of exile and forced confinement for some of them. At the fall of the Roman Empire followed the invazioni Barbarian and the incursions of the Saracens. The island was home to the Benedictine monastic settlements and later Cistercians, was an important religious center, and alternated periods of tranquility ‘and renaissance periods in which prevailed uncontested pirate attacks. In 1454 Alfonso of Aragon caccio’i monks from the island.
In 1477, Pope Sixtus IV granted the Pontine islands in perpetual lease three Neapolitan nobles, who gave the their rights in 1484. In 1542 the island was granted a fief to Pier Luigi Farnese with the task to defend against pirate attacks, which continued to cause havoc and destruction on the island. In 1734 Elizabeth Farnese ceded the islands Pontine son Charles III of Bourbon, King of Naples, who made the islands private property of the crown. Was initiated a policy for restocking and the defense of the island.
In 1768 by King Ferdinand IV of Naples were initiated important public works in order also to affirm the sovereignty ‘of the King of Naples against the claims of the Papal States. In 1813 the island was occupied by the British, until 1815 when the Treaty of Vienna returned the islands to the Bourbons, and finally in 1861 the islands were annexed to the Kingdom of Italy. In the fascist period the island became ‘border place for people adverse to the regime that was in power.
At about 12 km. West of Ponza is Palmarola, an island of volcanic rocks surrounded by clear waters and deep. The island, a nature reserve, is a charming place inhabited by a few people during the summer only. On a rock is the chapel dedicated to the patron saint of the town of Ponza, San Silverio. Pope Silverio was exiled and died ‘Palmarola and June 20 of each year is celebrated.
The islet of Zannone and ‘the most’ northern archipelago Pontino, and ‘uninhabited and is part of the Circeo National Park. Zannone stands out from the other islands because it is’ not only formed by volcanic rocks as well as limestone, and is covered with lush forests of oaks and typical Mediterranean vegetation, is also an ideal stop for the passing game and wildlife in general. The most ‘high Zannone and’ Monte Pellegrino (m.194 above sea level). At 125 meters high are the evocative remains of a Benedictine monastery with an adjacent small museum and the House of Custody.
Near the island of Ponza, separated by a channel ca. 120 meters, is the island of Gavi. The islet is’ almost completely uninhabited, there is only one house, the highest point ‘high’ 101 meters above sea level Gavi is of volcanic origin and has a rocky coastline, no beaches. In the past there was mined kaolin, on the north coast is the old quarry.
Ventotene and Santo Stefano are volcanic islands and are separated by a stretch of sea off about a mile. The island of Ventotene and ‘mostly consists of tuffaceous rock while on the island of Santo Stefano prevail basalt rock formations. The islands are relatively barren, with coverage mainly low, formed by the typical Mediterranean. The underwater landscape and ‘very rich, thanks to the tunnels and cavities’ that open up in the rocky walls. The islands are part of the Marine Protected Natural Area. Ventotene and ‘the island more’ small, between those inhabited, Ponziane.
Some artifacts found on the island testify to the presence of a human settlement dating back to the age of the Bronze Age. In Roman times Ventotene became a place of confinement very welcoming to some members “uncomfortable” of the imperial family. Julia, daughter of Augustus, Agrippina Maggiore, Octavia, Flavia Domitilla, were exiled to Ventotene; entire promontory of Punta Eolo are the remains of the great imperial villa called Villa Giulia, as the name of the first inhabitant. The central part of the villa overlooked the sea, while a side looking at the harbor.
The Roman port, entirely carved into the tufa and ‘an extraordinary work of maritime engineering, and as the fish that is located at the mouth of the harbor, a very ingenious system that allowed to catch fish attracted by fresh water that was conveyed in a tub along with the water of the sea. For lack of fresh water was built, always in Roman times, a system of five cisterns to collect rainwater, which operated by gravity ‘, the two tanks more’ big, the water went down to the three most ‘small placed more’ below. Another period of growth and renewal for Ventotene was to Bourbon.
From this period you can see the buildings of eighteenth-century architecture we meet walking through the village, the castle, the Church of Santa Candida, patron saint of the island, and the prison that is located on the island of Santo Stefano, closed since 1965 has had distinguished guests, such as Sandro Pertini. The penitentiary and ‘object of a work of recovery for tourism and culture. Currently examinations are guided.