Guide Portugal, things to know and useful information to organize holidays in the state of the Iberian Peninsula.
Portugal travel guide
- Capital: Lisbon
- Surface area in square kilometers: 91.985
- Population: 10.358.OOO
- Catholic religion
Where is Portugal
Portugal is located in the western part of the Iberian Peninsula and Europe, bordered to the north and east by Spain, it’s wet south and west by the Atlantic Ocean. They are part of Portugal also the Azores islands and the island of Madeira. The country occupies the western edge of the plateau Spanish, its coasts are high and rocky in places and elsewhere in sandy and low. In the northern part of the country’s territory is mountainous while south, rolling plateaus alternate with alluvial basins, interrupted only by the Serra de San Mamede and the chain of the Algarve.
Portugal is geographically divided into two areas whose separation is ideally marked by the river Tagus. The northern area of Portugal is occupied largely from the plateau of the Meseta where the maximum altitude is reached from Serra da Estrela with its 1,991 meters. The southern Portugal instead is characterized by an area less harsh, with some remarks that degrade towards the Alentejo, which is the largest region of the country, and the Algarve, which is extended along the coast. The term Extremadura Portuguese pointing to the flat area of alluvial between the Atlantic coast and the southern valley of the Tagus River to the mouth of which is the capital Lisbon. Another important river is the Douro, running through the city of Porto dividing the old from the new part of the city where there are the famous wineries producing the homonymous dessert wine.
The most important river is the Tagus navigable up to the Spanish border. Also significant is the river Douro and the Guadiana flowing in the south of the country. However almost all rivers are born on Portuguese and Spanish plateau with a path many times with large irregular flow into estuaries.
Long, hot summers and mild winters are the main feature of the climate of Portugal. In the north we have colder winters and abundant rainfall while down south the climate gradually becomes less cold and rains more rare. Particular is the climate of Madeira and the Azores, being reached by current subtropical, it is predominantly spring all year.
The population consists almost exclusively of Portuguese and is focused mainly in the northern coastal area.
Standard UTC/GMT +0 hour
During Daylight Saving Time UTC/GMT +1 hour
Portuguese is the official language of Portugal.
The Portuguese economy has greatly developed since it became part of the European community. The sectors of agriculture and fisheries have sold part of their space to the services sector on trade, transport, telecommunications, financial services. Also important is the contribution by the construction industry and energy. Increasing the contribution made by tourism.
When you go to Portugal
From April to October, the temperate climate of Portugal offers mostly good weather. The wettest months are from November to March. In the Algarve, in southern Portugal the high season lasts until late winter.
The documentation required to travel to Portugal varies according to the country of origin.
A passport valid for at least 90 days following your departure date from Portugal, but
if you are a citizen Shengen area a valid ID card is sufficient.
Calling Code: 00351
Electricity Supply is 220V-50Hz.
Euro is the official currency of Portugal.