Procida: what to see, holidays, history and places to visit
What to see in Procida, holidays, history and places to visit on a day on this island of Campania with a picturesque harbor with colored houses.
Holidays in Procida
Located at the north west of the Gulf of Naples, between the promontory of Capo Miseno and the island of Ischia, Procida is connected by a bridge to the island of Vivara. The island is of volcanic origin, this territory consists mainly of tuffaceous rock, flat in the middle and raised in the south east with a maximum altitude of 91 m at Terra Murata. The rugged coastline are characterized by coves and headlands, with an alternation of sandy beaches and rocky cliffs on the sea.
History of Procida
It turns out that the island was already inhabited around the eighth century BC by the Greek island of Euboea Chalcis. The Romans made it a holiday resort and vine cultivation. With the end of the Roman period the island suffered the barbarian invasions of the Vandals and the Visigoths, then became part of the Duchy of Naples Imperial and was subject to Saracen raids, why were built towers and a fortified town on the promontory of the Earth , who took the name of the Earth and then the House of Terra Murata, shelter for the entire population of the island.
In the twelfth century. Procida became a feudal domain of the Normans, who gave in the feud along part of the mainland, Mount Misenum, the family of “Da Procida” who took their name from the island. In 1339 the last descendant of the Da Procida sold the estate to the family of Cossa, family loyal to the dynasty D’Angio ‘. In 1529 the island was granted a fief by Charles V to the family of the D’Avalos Aquinas of Aragon, who were the lords of the island for another two centuries, after that ‘for the regime feudatale on these lands.
The island is’ always been the target of fierce attacks by Saracen pirates and why the D’Avalos built a second wall around the village of Terra Murata, began construction of the Castle “D’Avalos” and operated a general restructuring of the town planner. In the eighteenth century the Bourbons were in power and the historical events of the island merged with those of the Kingdom of Naples. A Procida in this period began an important activity ‘shipbuilding that development’ remarkably until the end of the nineteenth century.
Places to see in Procida
– The Terra Murata is the historic center of Procida. For a long time it was for security reasons, the only inhabited island because ‘is perched on a promontory with cliffs along the sea, in an easily defensible. The island was formerly divided into areas called “Terre” and the first group of houses, dating from the early Middle Ages, was called Earth House.
In the sixteenth century the town was fortified by the D’Avalos, lords of the island and the name change ‘from the House Terra Terra Murata. In the village there is the Abbey of St. Michael, the patron of the island, in which you can ‘see a beautiful wooden ceiling covered with gold in 1700. Very interesting,’ the House of Belvedere, a typical example of housing Procida .
– At the foot of the Terra Murata is located, in a very favorable climate, Marina Corricella, a picturesque fishing port with houses painted in various colors perched along the cliff. Diminished when the Saracen raids, the town was the first area to be inhabited after the village of Terra Murata.
– On the north side of the island is the area of the port of Sancho Catholic, who has been in the past an important commercial port and home to renowned shipyards.
– On the western side of Procida in a picturesque bay is Marina Chiaiolella, the main tourist center of the island, with the harbor, beaches and bathing establishments.