Quito: what to see, history, monuments capital of Ecuador
Useful information for a holiday in Quito, where he is, historical origins and interesting places to visit major attractions not to be missed.
Quito, the capital of Ecuador, is located at the center of a high valley of the Andean Cordillera at an altitude of 2,850 meters above sea level, on the slopes of the Pichincha volcano in the central north of the country. To the north of the old city, is the modern part of Quito, where the people live who belong to the wealthy class, while in the south of the city, in poverty, lives most of the population.
What to see in Quito
The foundation of Quito dates back to the sixteenth century, when the Spaniard Sebastian de Benalcazar made entry into the city of the Incas, was built on the ruins of the colonial city, which is now part of UNESCO World Heritage sites, as its center Town is considered one of the best preserved in Latin America, full of churches, convents, squares and buildings with specific architecture, such as the monumental complex of the Church of San Francesco with the adjacent convent, a masterpiece of colonial architecture, the splendid Basilica del Voto Nacional, visible from any corner of the city.
This imposing neo-gothic church, built to commemorate the consecration of the state of Ecuador to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, is adorned with gargoyles inspired by the wildlife of the country, from its main tower you can enjoy a beautiful view of the city and mountains surrounding. The heart of Quito’s Piazza Grande, or Independence Square which is overlooked by the Cathedral, the Archbishop’s Palace, the Municipal Palace and the Palace of Carondelet, the seat of government of the Republic of Ecuador.
Enrich the historical center, the Monastery of St. Dominic and the church of the Society of Jesus, with the adjoining college, whose interiors are richly decorated with fascinating works Baroque Europe, created by artists of the place and then also the result of their mode of expression. Florida and Rumipamba are among the most important archaeological sites, the Rumipamba, among other things stated also ecological park, retains traces of a pre-Inca civilization, while Florida includes burials belonging to the culture Quitus.
In the House Museum Oswaldo Guayasamin, a great artist of Indian origin, are shown in addition to his works, collections of pre-Columbian art, colonial and contemporary art that he donated to the city of Quito. The Museum of the Central Bank shows antiquities ranging from the fourth millennium BC to the civilization of the Incas.
In Museo Casa del Alabado are exposed ancient objects, works of pre-Columbian art, created by anonymous artists Valdivia, Chorrera, Tolita, Jama-Coaque well as testimonies of all the cultures that have inhabited the territory of Ecuador from 5000 years ago.