Rio de Janeiro: 10 things to see in the metropolis of Brazil
What to see in Rio de Janeiro, journey to discover the city, the history and development of the historical center, landscapes, beaches and symbols of the city, from the Sugarloaf to Christ the Redeemer.
Travel Guide Rio de Janeiro
Famous city of Brazil, Rio de Janeiro overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, in the Bay of Guanabara. When in January 1501 the area was reached by Portuguese explorers, during an expedition led by Amerigo Vespucci, the Guanabara Bay was mistaken for the mouth of a river and was called Rio de Janeiro, which in Portuguese means River of January.
In 1532 the Portuguese took formal possession of the area and built a small outpost, but it was the French who founded the first European settlement on a small island in the bay. Later the Portuguese expelled the French and founded the first nucleus of Sao Sebastiao do Rio de Janeiro, in honor of St. Sebastian of which bore the name also the ruler of Portugal, Sebastian I.
The cultivation of sugar cane contributed to the development of the city and, in the eighteenth century with the discovery of gold in the nearby Minas Gerais, the port acquired considerable importance, despite the attempts of invasion and looting carried out by pirates, mainly French. In 1763 Rio de Janeiro became the colonial capital.
In 1808, following the Napoleonic invasion, the Portuguese royal family moved here, along with many nobles, and the city became the capital of the Kingdom, continuing to be, even in 1889 when Brazil became a republic, until 1960, the year where the title passed to the new city of Brasilia, the current capital of the nation.
What to see in Rio de Janeiro
Statue of Christ the Redeemer, one of the symbols of Rio de Janeiro is located on the top of Corcovado mountain 710 meters high, including the National Parque da Tijuca, a large forest within the urban area. The statue is 38 meters high about Jesus Christ that embraces the entire city and heartily welcomes visitors arriving in the bay.
Sugarloaf is a rocky promontory from the characteristic profile that rises from the sea, is a magnificent vantage point, with its 396 meters of altitude above sea level. To reach the top there is a cable car that is, as an intermediate step, a stop on another hill located in the same peninsula, the Morro da Urca, 220 meters high above sea level. The view from up there is amazing, including the metropolis as a whole, the bays and the hills, is considered another symbol of Rio de Janeiro.
Santa Teresa neighborhood: located on the heights of the city, exudes an old colonial flavor, with rich homes of the settlers of the 1800s, the narrow streets and picturesque spots. Is reached via a historic and picturesque tram opened, the Bonde, which starts from the center, through the ‘Arcos da Lapa, a former Roman-style aqueduct converted tram viaduct, and further ascent up the hill.
Downtown: prevail skyscrapers and modern buildings, including the impressive Cathedral of Sao Sebastiao, from the shape of a truncated cone. The old city remain, the Church of Nossa Senhora da Lapa dos Mercadores, the Church of Nossa Senhora da Candelária, the Monastery of Sao Bento, the ‘Arco do Teles, Casa de Trem, which houses the Museu Histórico Nacional.
Beaches: the best are those of Copacabana, Ipanema, Leblon, Leme, Botafogo, Flamengo and Arpoador.
Rio Carnival: each year in Rio de Janeiro Carnival is celebrated one of the most famous in the world.
Dance Schools Best organize spectacular parades of Samba, in great antagonism between them to get a prestigious award.