Romania holidays guide, travel and tourism information
Romania travel guide, things to know before you organize trips or vacations in this state of Europe with the capital Bucharest.
Romania in brief
- Capital: Bucharest
- Surface area in square kilometers: 237,500
- Population: 22.303 million
- Religion: Orthodox, with minorities Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, Muslim.
Where is Romania
Romania is bordered to the north by Ukraine, to the east by Moldova in the west with Hungary and Serbia to the south with Bulgaria and is bathed in the east by the Black Sea. The country is crossed by the Carpathian Mountains and the Alps Transylvanian forming a curve in the central part. Inside lies the fertile basin of Transylvania bordered on the northwest by the Apuseni Mountains. Along the border with Serbia and Hungary stretch bands plains, eastern section of the Pannonian lowlands, and further south, the Banat. To the south towards the Danube valley extends Wallachia, (formerly arid steppe, now largely cultivated) while towards the border with Moldova descend the Carpathians. On the coast of the Black Sea is the marshy Dobruja, bounded by the final part of the Danube.
The Danube River forms most of the border with Serbia, Romania and Bulgaria and flows with a broad delta (the largest in Europe) in the Black Sea. Other important rivers are the Somes, the Mures, the Siret, the Olt , the Arges, the Jiu and the Prut (on the border with Moldova).
The climate of Romania is continental with a strong seasonal temperature, which is more moderate towards the coastal area.
The majority of the population consists of Romanians with a substantial minority of Hungarians in Transylvania and is located on the border with Hungary. There are other minorities of Germans, Jews, Ukrainians, Russians, Serbs. Minorities Bulgarian, Turkish and Roma are endangered.
In Romania, compared to Italy must move the clock forward an hour during the whole year.
The official language of Romania is Romanian. There are minorities speaking Hungarian, Ukrainian and German who have their own schools where Romanian is taught as a second language.
Are in place economic and social reforms that seek to overcome the delay of economic growth there has been in recent decades. The agricultural sector once predominant in the economy of the country, has decreased its share of importance, now only 15% of GDP, leaving more space to the service and industry, represented by the chemical industry, textile, metallurgical, Food and oil refining. Romania joined the European Union on 1 January 2007.
When you go to Romania
The winter rather rigid in Romania is only recommended for a mountain holiday in the ski resorts, for the rest of the country are more indicated the months from May to September.
Documents required travel Romania
For entry in Romania must be the valid identity card or passport for foreign travel up to 90 days of stay.
Phone Prefixes to call Romania is 0040.
The electric current is 220 volts.
Money and credit cards
The official currency of Romania is the new Leu (Ron).