Russia holidays guide, travel and tourism information

russian federation map
russian federation map

Travel Guide Russian Federation, helpful tips and things to know about holidays in the Russian Federation with the capital Moscow.

Russian Federation

  • Capital: Moscow
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 17,075,200
  • Population: 142 498 534
  • Religion: Orthodox, Catholic and Protestant with minorities, Muslim, Jewish, animist

Where is Russia

The state of the Russian Federation extends between Europe and Asia, bordered to the west by Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, northwest with Norway to the north with Lithuania, on the south by Poland (Kaliningrad), southwest with Ukraine, in south with Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China and North Korea. To the north overlooking the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Baltic Sea, the Pacific Ocean to the east and south on the Black Sea. The territory can be so divided: European Russia (west of the Urals), Siberia (east Urals) and Russia Far East that overlooks the Pacific Ocean. European Russia is almost entirely occupied by the Lowland Sarmantico, the center of which are the reliefs of the Valdai Hills, the Central Russian Rialto, the heights of the Donets and the Volga. To the south between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea lie the fertile plains of the rivers Don, Volga, Ural and Caucasus mountain range. The Siberian region includes, to the east of the Urals, the Siberian Lowland (a region in most wetland) and the Siberian plateau that lies east of the River Yenisei. The plateau has an average altitude of 600 m. is very rich in mineral resources and east of the Lena River rises with pads Verhojansk of the mountains, the mountains and the mountains of Cerski Kolyma. The Kamchatka Peninsula at the eastern end of Russia is full of volcanoes in part still active.


The Ob River together with its tributary Irkush form the largest river basin of Russia, was born in Northwest China and empties into the Arctic Ocean. In the Arctic Ocean also lead the rivers, Yenisey, Lena, Kolyma and other rivers of European Russia as the Peciora and the Northern Dvina. The Volga River is the largest of European Russia and flows into the Caspian Sea, in this sea flows also the Ural River. In the Baltic Sea flow into the rivers Western Dvina, Neman and Neva (at the mouth of the Neva River is the city of St. Petersburg). Are tributaries of the Black Sea rivers Don, Dnieper and the Kuban. The Amur flowing in majority on the border between Russia and China entered the final stretch of its course in Russia and empties into the Pacific Ocean. The lakes are: the Caspian Sea (lake basin is the largest in the world), Lake Baikal which is located in southern Siberia (including the Yenisei River basin), Lake Ladoga and Lake Onega located in the Great Lakes region of northwestern European Russia.

Climate Russia

The climate is continental with long, cold winters and short summers, warm enough (temperate in colder areas). Although in most of the country’s annual rainfall is scarce, in summer, the warm moist air of the Atlantic manage to get to central Siberia causing precipitation very useful to agriculture. The coldest areas correspond to eastern Siberia and along the Arctic and Pacific coasts, where winter temperatures are recorded with many degrees below zero.


Russia’s population is made up of groups of various nationalities. The main ethnic group is that of the Russians (ca.80% of the total); There are also communities Ugric (on the border with Finland), Lapps and Samoyeds (Mongols), the Finnish-Mongolian populations (in the basins of the rivers Ob and Yenisei), groups of Tatars (in the lower basin of the Volga). In Siberia alongside a minority of Paleosiberiani live Eskimos, Buryat, and Tungus Iacuti, (they are all of Mongolian race).

Time zone

The Russian Federation is crossed 11 time zones. In the European part of Russia, including Moscow and St. Petersburg, the time difference is 3 hours ahead of Italy (when in Italy is in daylight saving time from March to October, the difference is reduced to 2 hours). In Siberia the time varies from 5 to 11 hours ahead according to the longitude.


The official language is Russian, but given the vastness of this country are spoken by the people many dialects and idioms. (The road signs are written in Cyrillic).


After the collapse of the Soviet Union began the process of transition from a planned to a market economy which resulted in an initial limited recovery then followed by a deterioration of living standards, until 1999, when the economy has began to recover maintaining decent but uneven level of development. The immensity of the Russian territory contains valuable energy reserves. Russia is the world’s largest producer of gas and has an excellent production of crude oil, also there are deposits of iron ore, nickel, copper, tungsten, cobalt, gold, silver and diamonds. In agricultural production leads the cultivation of cereals (among the largest producers in the world), is practiced farming, especially cattle and also with regard to fishing, Russia, is among the world’s largest producers. Also significant timber production thanks to the wealth of forests around the country. Industry have developed the petrochemical, chemical, military, mechanical and even sectors of the aerospace industry and aircraft, is lacking the food industry.

When you go to Russia

The best time to go to Russia is the late spring and summer (May through August), the winter months are quite cold.

Documents required travel Russia

To enter Russia you need a passport (in good condition) with valid for at least six months upon arrival in the country. The entry visa is required, is available from the Consular offices in Rome, Milan or Genoa and has three phases: invitation, visa application and registration. Into the country must fill out the immigration card, which shall be kept during the period of stay. In addition, the natural or legal person who invited the Russian foreign national must register with a notification to UFMS (Federal Immigration Service) issuing a slip of registration. The foreign national must bring this slip that will serve then to the natural person / legal inviting to notify the departure of the foreign guest.


The international code to call Russia is: 007


The electric current in Russia is 220 V 50 Hz. Sockets type C and F.

Money and credit cards

The official currency is the Russian ruble (RUB). The ruble is not exportable therefore it is good to change small sums. The law states that the currency control for non-residents in the country you can not leave Russia with a larger amount of currency than the arrival. The US Dollar and the Euro are changed easily at banks, exchange offices, airports and hotels