Salamanca: what to see, route 7 attractions, cathedral
What to see in Salamanca, main monuments with itinerary of places to visit from the old cathedral through plaza Mayor to Clerecia.
Salamanca is a city in western Spain, which is part of the autonomous community of Castile and Leon, renowned for its ancient university. Located about 170 km from Madrid, going north, is located on the right bank of the river Tormes, about 798 m above sea level, is home to an airport and an important road and rail hub on the directive that reaches the border with Portugal.
Economically very active stands for trade in cereals, grapes and meat industries mainly concern the food, chemical and tanning. But beyond that Salamanca, thanks to the enormous wealth of historical and cultural traditions, it is a popular tourist destination.
What to see in Salamanca
– Cathedral of Santa Maria Siege, is one of the most important from the standpoint of historical and artistic, the main facade is Gothic with rich decorations of the arches. Inside the church, a Latin cross and three aisles, are to appreciate the Chapel of All Saints, the ‘Altar of the Christ of the battles and the choir of 1700.
Through the right aisle leads to the old Romanesque cathedral dating back to 1100. The Patio Chico is a small square that brings together the two cathedrals and with them the two different architectural styles that help to create a vision of exceptional beauty.
– Plaza Mayor, designed in Baroque style by architects Alberto and Nicolás Churriguera, was built in 1729 and is known for being one of the main meeting points of the residents.
– Ancient universities: it consists of a group of buildings consisting of more schools, Schools and Minor ‘s Hospital of Studio today rectory. As for the architectural styles to be noted that the façade of the schools more is performed Plateresque, an artistic style born in Spain between 1400 and 1500, characterized by being very ornate in the likeness of fine works of silverware, while rectory predominates in the Gothic style. Within the Minor Schools Museum is housed in the University which has a great tourist attraction the beautiful fresco called Heaven of Salamanca dates back to 1400.
– Square Patio de Escuelas is enclosed between the buildings described above.
– Monterrey Palace, with its towers and chimneys, was built in 1500 in pure Plateresque and was owned by the Duchess of Alba.
– Casa de las Conchas, dating from the end of the century in 1400 and belonging to the order of Santiago, is Gothic facade with a very special, as it is decorated with over three hundred shells of scallops. In it you will find a library open to the public and the office of tourist information.
– Clerecia, built between 1600 and the second half of 1700, was originally used as the Royal College of the Holy Spirit and today is home of ‘Pontifical universities. The 1500s belonged to the Dominican Convent of Santo Stefano has a beautiful Plateresque façade with its arched shape of triumph is an authentic jewel of the Renaissance with his graceful style cloister mixed Gothic and Renaissance.