Holiday in Samarkand, history and what to visit in one of the oldest cities in the world, called the crossroads of cultures traveling on the Silk Road.
Samarkand is a major city located in Uzbekistan, at 710 meters altitude above sea level along the banks of the river Zeravshan and 280 km south-west of Tashkent. It is located along the so-called Silk Road that winds along a path that starts from China arrived in Europe.
The city is one of the oldest in the world, “crossroad and melting pot of the world’s cultures”, as it was defined by UNESCO when it was included in the World Heritage List. Founded around 700 BC, Samarkand is one of the oldest cities in the world where there are splendid examples of buildings dating back to Islamic architecture.
The fact of being on the Silk Road has always allowed this city a considerable economic wealth. Submissive before the Persian empire was conquered by Alexander the Great then that according to legend married here Roxana.
Tamerlane with the city took its peak witnessed even today by some buildings which include the complex of buildings that includes Registan mosques with beautiful decorations of mosaics, the Shaki-Zinda necropolis where the tombs of the greatest kings with their roofs inlaid, the Gur Emir which is the eternal home of Tamerlane with his great blue dome high erected to honor its recognized greatness.
Samarkand had its most significant development between the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, thanks to Timur Barlas, founder of the Timurid dynasty, who made it the capital of his vast empire. In this period the city was embellished and grew substantially and this also contributed to the grandson Ulugh Begh who founded an astronomical observatory, and made him a famous artistic and cultural center.
What to visit in Samarkand
Today we can admire the blue domes of the Gur Emir Mausoleum where are buried Timur and his grandson Ulugh Begh, visit the majestic Mosque Bibi-Khanum and the grandiose Registan, a complex of three madrassas, which are of Koranic schools: Ulugbek, Sherdor and Tillya Kori.
Also visit the Bazaar of the Silk Road and the Bibi Khanum mosque built in honor of the wife of Tamerlane.