San Marino: journey to ancient republic, what to see
What to see in San Marino, the main attractions and monuments, walking tour to visit the sights in one day.
Travel Guide San Marino
The Republic of San Marino, completely surrounded by Italian territory, is located about ten kilometers as the crow flies from the Adriatic Sea, between Emilia Romagna and Marche to the north to the south. Its territory, mostly hilly, reaches higher altitude with Mount Titano of 750 meters above sea level. The ancient Republic of San Marino is among the city-states in Italy before its unification, the only one that has managed to maintain its independence.
Tradition has it that the origins of the foundation of the state there is one Stonebreaker of Dalmatian origin, Marino, who because of persecution contri Christians, towards the middle of the century. IV AD, took refuge with some of his companions on Mount Titano. Around Mille community of what had become the land of San Marino, became a free commune and, to defend against attacks, he built on the three peaks of the crest of Monte Titano the three towers of the city, Guaita, Cesta and Montale, which are documented for the first time in 1253.
What to see in San Marino in a day
The historic city of San Marino and Mount Titano are part of the World Heritage Site, since they are an example of continuity of free Republic since the Middle Ages, also due to its location on top of the Mount, the center Town has not undergone modern urban transformations and is the oldest residential nucleus of the Republic of San Marino, which houses the institutions of his government.
The village, equipped with an austere defense complex, preserves monuments and places very interesting. Besides the three medieval towers, you can see the Basilica of San Marino, built in the place where he was already in the fourth century, a church dedicated to San Marino, the Monastery of Santa Chiara, the Port and the Church of San Francesco, Piazzetta Titano, The Public Palace, which stands on the so-called Pianello or Freedom Square, which is the principal of San Marino, enclosed on three sides by ancient buildings.
In front of the Public Palace, built on the old Magna Domus Communis, stands the Palace of Parva Domus Communis, while, at the center of the square stands the monument of the Statue of Liberty, which opened September 30, 1876, was donated to the Republic by the Duchess Ottilia Heyroth Wagener in Berlin, to which San Marino conferred the title of Duchess of Acquaviva.
Under the square there are ancient tanks used in the past to collect rainwater. Looking out on the left side of the square you can admire a beautiful panoramic view of the hills and mountains of the Apennines.
Local governments of the Republic of San Marino, called Castelli, are nine and precisely Castle San Marino, Borgo Maggiore, Castello di Serravalle, Faetano Castle, Castle Domagnano Chiesanuova, Acquaviva Castle, Castle Fiorentino, Montegiardino. Most of these territories were annexed to the Republic of San Marino after the victory of San Marino on the Malatesta of Rimini, in 1463.