Santa Teresa di Gallura: Sights of Bonifacio
Holidays in Santa Teresa di Gallura, where it is, what to visit between beaches and cliffs, excursions to the Archipelago of La Maddalena.
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Santa Teresa di Gallura is a town situated on a promontory on the north coast of Sardinia, in front of Corsica overlooking the Straits of Bonifacio Strait. The granite cliffs and jagged forms two inlets around which lies the town, surrounded by the typical Mediterranean.
The beautiful beach of Rena Bianca enclosed in one of the two coves, characterized by fine white sand and lapped by clear blue sea, from 1987 receives international recognition of “Blue Flag”. The town has a large marina and facilities from which you can easily reach the islands of the Maddalena Islands Corse and the Costa Smeralda.
Along the coast are the beautiful beaches of Santa Reparata, Cala Sanbuco, Cala Spinosa, Capo Testa, Cala Grande-Valley of the Moon, Conca Verde, La Marmora, Porto Smooth-Sciumara, dell’Erica Valley, Porto Pozzo, Lu Poltiddolu, The Liccia and Porto Quadro.
Originally the town was known as Longosardo, was called Santa Teresa di Gallura from Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia, who founded the town, drew up a plan and chose the name in honor of the patron saint of his wife, Queen Maria Theresa of Austria-Este.
The first settlement in the area dates back to the Nuraghic period. It was an important port during the Roman rule, as there was on board the fine granite here extract, used in ancient Rome for the construction of monuments and stately homes.
It was a strategic outpost founded by the Pisani in the period of the Maritime Republics, as Genoa, rival Pisa, dominated the nearby Corsica. In the Duomo and Baptistery of Pisa is granite from the quarries of Longosardo.
In the thirteenth and fourteenth century the port grew greatly in importance, then came under the judges of Arborea, who built a castle that was destroyed by the Genoese in 1420 and of which little remains today.
Due to this fact the area suffered depopulation and became a haven for bandits and smugglers, much to convince the king of Spain Philip II do build, at the beginning of the sixteenth century, a military tower to counter the situation, it is the tower circular embattled, which still exists, known as the Tower of Longosardo.
Therefore, the area was inhabited only by soldiers long before the Spaniards and then Piedmont, until the decision of the new building of the town and its subsequent repopulation.