Santiago: what to see, the 10 attractions of the capital
What to see in Santiago, Chile, attractions, places to visit, monuments and what to do in the capital of Chile, a city located in the beautiful location and rich history.
Located in a fertile valley at an average altitude of 500 meters above sea level, Santiago is 100 km from the coast of the Pacific Ocean, with the spectacular Andes Mountains to the east and a smaller coastal mountain range to the west. Founded in 1541 by a small group of Spanish conquistadors, has developed over the years keeping the footprint of the Mediterranean early, especially with regard to the local cuisine. Downtown modern facilities are complemented by colonial buildings, while the Cathedral of Santiago from the 18th century is reflected in a huge glass building on the opposite side of the Plaza de Armas.
What to visit in Santiago, Chile
This colonial mansion of the 18th century, located near the Plaza de Armas, has an elegant facade and walls of pink. Five of the rooms inside are dedicated to the Museum of Santiago, which exhibits an informative exhibition on the history of the city, from pre-Columbian times to the present. The exhibition includes paintings and various objects, with a room for conferences and concerts.
It is a historic burial site where are buried important figures in the history of Chile, including Salvador Allende, with particular graves looking and a monument dedicated to the victims of the dictatorship of Pinochet.
Church of St. Francis
This church, built in the late 16th century by the conquistador Pedro de Valdivia, Chile, has survived frequent earthquakes. And ‘one of the oldest buildings in Santiago and former monastery adjacent houses the Colonial Museum of San Francesco, which contains a collection of ecclesiastical art dating back to colonial times.
Chilean Museum of Pre-Columbian Art
Located in the Palacio de la Real Aduana, a fine example of a colonial building, this museum displays works of art finely made of ceramic, metal, fabric and wood. The items on display give a unique insight into the lost cultures of the Mayans, Aztecs, Incas and other groups that once dominated this vast continent.
Palace of the coin
A former official residence of the mint, the palacio Moneda became the presidential residence in 1846. Today the head of state resides elsewhere but still used the Presidential Office. A popular legend tells that Allende took his own life in this building with a gun given to him by Fidel Castro. You can visit the exterior and the interior of the building, the visit of the latter requires prior reservation. On the south side of the Palace, in the Plaza de la Ciudadanía, is the modern Centro Cultural Palacio de la Moneda, which has a series of exhibition spaces where you keep important exhibitions.
Plaza de Armas
Since colonial times, this square is the meeting place of the most frequented cities. Surrounded by impressive colonial public buildings, including the Metropolitan Cathedral and the Central Post Office, is constantly animated by vendors, tourists and local artists who exhibit their paintings on canvas.
Villa Grimaldi Peace Park
Villa Grimaldi, former home of the infamous secret police of General Pinochet, was reopened in 1997 in the new role of the monument in memory of the fallen during the Chilean military dictatorship. An estimated 5,000 political prisoners were arrested and tortured here. The park, which opened in March 1997, marks a crucial step in the reconciliation of Chile with its bloody past. It houses a museum theme for the promotion of human rights.
Casa Museo La Chascona
Located in the vibrant neighborhood of Bellavista, this building was the home of the poet Pablo Neruda, where they were also hosted his illustrious friends including the Mexican Diego Riviera. Composed of a series of small buildings, La Chascona has been meticulously restored following the vandalism of the supporters of General Pinochet and now houses a collection of goods that belonged to Neruda.
Salvador Allende Solidarity Museum
This museum, which changed positions several times in recent years, houses works of art donated by artists from around the world. The collection began in 1971, when a group of artists and thinkers decided to bring together contemporary artwork to show their solidarity with the socialist policies of the government of Salvador Allende. The collection now includes also donations of artists from over 39 countries including those of Joan Miró, Roberto Matta, Antonio Saura and Yoko Ono.
National History Museum
The colonial Palacio de la Real Audiencia houses the Museo Histórico Nacional, which exhibits an interesting series of exhibitions about the chronological development of Chile, from the colonial period to the independence and the modern era. A small exhibition concerns the Chilean indigenous culture. In addition to the permanent exhibitions the museum also hosts temporary exhibitions and concerts.
Palace of Fine Arts
This museum, which occupies an entire block in the Parque Forestal, exposes the best collection of paintings and sculptures of Chile, also regularly hosts exhibitions of contemporary artists from Chile and abroad.