Santorini holidays, what to do and see in the Aegean islands
Santorini is the main island of the homonymous small group of islands situated on the southern edge of the Cyclades in the Aegean Sea.
These islands were formed as a result of volcanic eruptions over thousands of years, the decisive phenomenon occurred between 1600 and 1500 BC, when a massive and devastating volcanic eruption caused the collapse of part of the island to 400 meters below the original the surface of the sea, with effects throughout the eastern Mediterranean.
The apocalyptic event triggered the decline of the Minoan civilization, and many centuries later is assumed, fueled the imagination of Plato’s story of Atlantis. Santorini is an island characterized by rocky beaches dark in color, with the cities located high on the cliff, reached by climbing hundreds of steps or on the back of donkeys or using a cable car.
It is shaped like a horseshoe whose interior high and rocky plunges steeply into the sea, while on the outside slopes down to the beaches of volcanic origin. To remember the beaches of Perissa, Red Beach, Monolithos, Kamari, Mesa Pigadia and Perivolos.
Mount Profitis Ilias top 567 meters above sea level is the highest point of Santorini. The island has an airport which is about 5 km from Fira, the capital and, by sea, is connected with Piraeus and other islands of the Aegean Sea through the new port Athinios where ferries and fast ships. The old port only welcomes cruise ships and pleasure boats.
Archipelago of Santorini
– Santorini, Thera called in ancient greek, is the remaining part of the original island.
– Thirasia, a small island that was originally part of the main island.
– Aspronisi, a big rock belonging to Santorini.
– Palea Kameni, an island formed following the eruptions of 1573.
– Nea Kameni, a still active volcano emerged after the eruptions of 1712.
In particular the islands of Santorini and Therasia Aspronisi arise on the edge of the caldera filled by the waters of the sea, in the middle are the islets of Palea Kameni and Nea Kameni.
Things to Do in Santorini
Among the places to visit, Fira and Oia are very beautiful places, typical examples of the Cycladic architecture, Oia in particular is famous for its beautiful sunsets. Do not miss a visit to Akrotiri, reached by the path that goes from Perissa, corresponds to the ancient capital of the island, covered with ashes that was excavated by archaeologists, and is almost intact as Pompeii, with the difference that there are human remains, so it is assumed that the inhabitants were rescued before the catastrophic volcanic eruption.