Sardinia holidays tour guide, what to visit, smaller islands

Holidays in Sardinia, territory and places to visit in the island region of Italy, suggested itineraries to discover the most famous places.

Guide Sardinia

Sardinia is an autonomous region with special status, formed from the island of the same name and a number of smaller islands including Asinara, La Maddalena, Caprera, San Pietro and Sant’Antioco. E ‘by the Tyrrhenian Sea, the Sea of ​​Sardinia, Mediterranean Sea and the Strait of Bonifacio that separate it from Corsica. Its provinces are Cagliari, Nuoro, Oristano and Sassari.

Sardinia is the second largest island in Italy by extension, after Sicily, with over a million and a half inhabitants. Separate it from the peninsula about 187 km of the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west, from the Tunisian coast about 184 km of sea called Sardinia Channel to the south, about 11 km from Corsica collective consisting of sea from the Strait of Bonifacio from the Iberian Peninsula to the north and the sea of ​​Sardinia west.

Most of the Sardinian territory is mountainous or hilly including some rocky plateaus characteristic called jars, whether composed of granite, and heels, if composed of sandstone or limestone. At the center of this island there is the massif of Gennargentu where stands the Punta La Marmora with its 1,834 meters above sea level.

From North lie the mountains of Limbara, the Alà Mountains, Mount Rasu, the Monte Albo and the Supramonte with Mount Corrasi Oliena while to the south are the Monte Linas and the Mountains of. The plain of greater surface is the Campidano that divides the northern reliefs center dell’Iglesiente from the mountains; in the northwestern part of going to the city of Sassari is the plain of Nura.

Given the nature of this region mostly mountainous island rivers are generally torrential some of which barred by large dams that form artificial lakes used mainly for crop irrigation and for the production of electricity. Among these reservoirs must remember the lake basin Omodeo which is the largest in Italy. Following the basin of Flumendosa, Coghinas and Posada. The main rivers are the Tirso, Flumendosa, Coghinas, Cedrino, the Temo.

Lake Baratz, located north of Alghero, is the only natural lake. Its territory looks rugged and mountainous, although in terms of altitude, only 18% ca. of its surface can be defined mountain, while 68% ca. corresponds to the hill. The findings are mainly concentrated in the eastern part of the island, where there are the Mount Limbara (1359 meters) the chain Goceano with Mount Rasu, (1259 meters) the Gennargentu, tipped La Marmora (1834 meters) Maximum altitude of Sardinia.

In the western part of the territory rise Mount Linas, (1236 meters), which stands at the center of the Iglesiente, and the mountains of Sulcis. The main island are the plains of Campidano, the largest, located in the south-west, and that of the Nura, which is located in the north-west.

The beautiful Sardinian coast stretches for 1897 km, is mostly rocky with high cliffs, coves and wide bays with vast stretches of sand. The coast best known from the point of view of tourism is the beautiful Costa Smeralda, located to the north, where the coastline is more rugged, full of islands and inlets with sandy beaches.

The climate of Sardinia is Mediterranean with influences mitigating sea noticeable in any locality although less pronounced in the interior of the island. Rainfall is concentrated mainly in November and December, while in July and August it is very difficult for rain.

Sardinia is very interesting from a tourist point of view because it has many of the characteristics preferred by vacationers including a mild climate with low rainfall concentrated mainly in the winter months, largely unspoiled landscapes, crystal clear waters of the sea, places rich history and archeology.

Famous places also known internationally are Olbia, La Maddalena, Alghero, Porto Rotondo, Villasimius, Palau, Santa Teresa, Porto Cervo, Loiri Porto San Paolo, Pula, Sarroch, San Teodoro, Orosei, Dorgali, Stintino, Costa Smeralda. The welcome for tourists is extensive with many resorts, budget hotels and luxury car rental services and ferries Sardinia, holiday villages with entertainment, apartments per week, pension hotels, holiday homes and tourist information on where to go and how to do it.

Places to Visit in Sardinia

– The throat Gorroppu, a deep and spectacular canyon located in Supramonte.

– The Gallura and the North-Eastern coast, from Olbia leads the Maddalena Archipelago.

– The town of Alghero with its monuments and its sea.

– The Barbagie and Gennargentu – The vast mountainous region in the center of Sardinia, considered the heart of the Sardinian tradition.

– L ‘Iglesiente and Sulcis with the island of Sant’ Antioco.

– L ‘Ogliastra is an area that extends between the tops of the Gennargentu and the Tyrrhenian Sea, along the eastern side of Sardinia.

– The Sinis and Montiferru, the Sinai Peninsula on the north coast of the Gulf of Oristano.

– Villasimius and Sarrabus, in the south-east of the island.

– The Dunes of Piscinas – an area of ​​sand dunes that is located in Western Sardinia.

Green train Sardinia

Very interesting trip with Green Train through the lesser known places of Sardinia.

Coasts of Sardinia

The coasts led grow in the Gulf of Asinara north, Orosei east of Cagliari in the south and west of Oristano. The total length of the coast, which for much of north and east are high and rocky while south and west are characterized by sandy beaches with presence in some cases of dunes and wetlands with ponds. In the Sardinian coast are also several caves, with the presence of karst phenomena, and deep inlets typical of Gallura, north-eastern region of Sardinia.

Archipelagos Sardinia

Surrounding the many small islands including Sardinia Asinara, San Pietro, Sant’Antioco, Tavolara Island, La Maddalena archipelago that includes the island of Caprera. Another typical element is part of the natural environment of the island are the caves of which there is the Nereo Cave, located below the promontory of Capo Caccia where you can see whole walls of rock covered with red coral. Other famous caves are one of the Bue Marino, Cala Gonone, and that of Neptune in Alghero.

Capital and provinces of Sardinia

The regional capital is Cagliari while the other provinces are Carbonia-Iglesias, Medio Campidano, Nuoro, Ogliastra, Olbia-Tempio, Oristano and Sassari. Much of the population lives in the province of Cagliari.