Scicli: what to see, Caves Chiafura, itinerary castle
What to see in Scicli, monuments, palaces and churches, route of all the places to visit, from the caves to the Church of St. Bartholomew.
Scicli is a city of the province of Ragusa in Sicily, lies on the coast about 5 km. from the sea, are part of its territory the coastal villages of Donnalucata, Playa Grande, Cava d’Aliga, Arizza and Sampieri (tip Pisciotto). Scicli is one of the cities of the Val di Noto, rebuilt in Baroque style after the disastrous earthquake of 1693, listed as a World Heritage Site.
A feature of the territory of Scicli is the presence of karst caves, constitute a very interesting example of the troglodyte caves Chiafura, located on the hillside of St. Matthew, reachable through paths with steps, flanked by stone walls.
The caves were inhabited until the sixties of the last century from poor families. The city’s origins date back much of Scicli propabilmente the Sicilian period, and more than three thousand years ago, while the human presence in the area there is evidence dating back to the period from the III-II millennium BC to XVIII-XV century BC.
The topographic arrangement of Scicli is configured between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries with a gradual transition from the hill to the plan, which includes the old city on the hill of San Matteo and the part placed at the confluence of the valleys of San Bartolomeo (the “Cave “), of Santa Maria La Nova and the torrent of Modica.
What to visit in Scicli
On top of the hill where there are ruins of the old castle of the three cantons, stands the magnificent Church of St. Matthew that can be seen also from the central square Italy, overlooked by the typical eighteenth century buildings and the Cathedral Church of Our Lady of the Militia of the first half of the eighteenth century, in the Baroque style. In the same square is the Church of St. Bartholomew dating back to the first part of the fifteenth century.
This church was the only one to resist the earthquake of 1693, although the current prospectus dates back to the nineteenth century. In one of the more ‘old quarters of the city is the Church of Santa Maria la Nova, of ancient origin, the prospectus in neoclassic style is a reconstruction of 1816. A distinction is also the beautiful churches of San Giovanni Evangelista, Santa Teresa, Church and Convent of San Michele Arcangelo Carmime and, besides the Palaces, Beneventaro, Fava, Spadaro and suggestive via Mormino Pen.