Segesta: Temple Theatre and witnesses of the glorious past
What to see in Segesta, ancient city, now uninhabited, located in the north-west of Sicily on Mount Barbaro, not far from Alcamo and Castellammare del Golfo.
Places to visit Segesta
Solitude and grandeur come together in this place surrounded by mountains, which rise majestic temple and theater, the only evidence left of the glorious past that affected this city.
The origins of Segesta are lost in prehistory before colonization Greek and Phoenician.
The poet Virgil gives the Trojan hero Aeneas and Trojan origin were also the mysterious Elini who were the inhabitants, this according to a theory developed by ancient historians.
Still we find Segesta in historical times, which has become of Greek customs and uncompromising enemy of Selinunte which threatened the domain.
Since he was too weak to defend itself, the city resorted first to the support of Athens, then to that of Carthage.
After the looting carried out by the Syracuse Agotocle, he flourished during the first period of Roman rule, after which gradually began to decline, until it was irreparably devastated by vandals and the Saracens who caused the destruction.
The city of Segesta today there are only a few ruins scattered here and there, in addition to two large buildings of Theatre and Temple.
The temple, built on a rocky outcrop, stands amid the barren hills and is one of the largest examples of Doric.
Elegantly shaped and imposing, it consists of 36 columns, six of them in front of the two gables and support the entablature.
Absent the traditional for this type of construction, the cell of God, that he did believe that it was only one altar for the worship of some local deity.
A few meters further up, on top of Mount Barbaro, the theater is located, a large semi-circle with a diameter exceeding sixty meters, including a spectacular staircase divided into seven wedges and carved into the rock, beyond which opens, unexpected and breathtaking panorama.