Seville: what to see, attractions and places to visit
What to see in Seville, attractions and places to visit in this city in Andalusia, situated on the banks of the Guadalquivir River in southern Spain.
The foundation of Seville is attributed to the people of Tartessos subsequently occupied by the Phoenicians and the Carthaginians, the city was conquered by the Romans in 206 BC The Romans, about 7 miles away from Hispalis, the ancient name of Seville, founded the city of Italica, corresponding to the current town of Santiponce, where are the ruins of a theater, an amphitheater, houses and cobbled streets of the Roman era. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Seville was invaded peoples Vandals, Visigoths and Swabians.
From 712-1248, the city was dominated by the Arabs, who called it Ishbiliya, from which it derives its present name. In particular in 1147, with the Almohad dynasty in power, opened a period of artistic and cultural growth, were built monuments such as the Torre del Oro, the Giralda, the ‘Alcazar and the walls of the Macarena. With Ferdinand III of Castile, the city was reconquered by the Christians and the court of the Kingdom of Castile settled nell’Alcazar, Arab fortress, also were converted into mosques and Christian churches were built new, then in the fifteenth century began the construction of the cathedral in the place where he was the mosque.
With the discovery of America, Seville became the richest city in Spain, the main port for the new world headquarters of the Casa de Contratación, the trade body that had the monopoly of commercial relationships with the American colonies. In 1929 it was the seat of the Exhibition Iberoamericana and on that occasion the private gardens of the Palace of San Telmo, donated in 1893 by Maria Luisa Duchess of Montpensier, the city, were transformed in the Maria Luisa Park, so the gardens were built and constructed buildings exhibition, the Spanish Steps and Piazza of America.
Places to visit in Seville
Plaza de la Virgen de los Reyes and Plaza Triunfo overlook the Cathedral and the Reales Alcazares, while around the nucleus of the monumental Seville are located the districts of Santa Cruz and El Arenal characterized by having kept almost unchanged in the aspect that had ‘Moorish era with the winding streets, squares of irregular shape and low houses with spacious and elegant patios.
– La Giralda, the minaret of the mosque before then cathedral tower monument and symbol of Seville, was used in the Moorish era muezzin to call the faithful to prayer as well as having probably use for astronomical observations. Built in the last decades of the twelfth century, has undergone several changes over the centuries and is currently one of the best examples of the style mujedar of Spain. With a height of at least 103 meters is visible from many parts of town houses on its top the Giraldillo representing the Triumph of Faith.
– The Cathedral of Seville is the largest in Spain and the third largest in the world after St. Peter’s in Rome and St. Paul’s in London. It was built at the site of the great mosque of which remain the Giralda and the Patio de los Naranjos. The main facade is located along Avenida de la Constitución and the internal 5 aisles particularly striking for its size. Behind the choir located in the central nave stands the Main Chapel enclosed by a high wrought iron gate golden beyond which lies a huge altarpiece. Also in this church is the mausoleum of Christopher Columbus.
– The Royal Fortress, which translated means real fortresses, consist of an architectural ensemble that ranges from the first Arab fortress subsequent extensions of courtyards and palaces that were built by successive monarchs.
– The Barrio Santa Cruz is one of the most picturesque districts of Seville, located in the center and with Moorish structure, made up of narrow streets and quiet where overlook beautiful houses with walls of white and ocher facades covered with flowers and ivy. At the time of King Ferdinand III after the expulsion of the Arabs, moved here the Jewish community.
– La Torre de Oro is an ancient watchtower placed on the banks of the Guadalquivir River, built by the Almohads in the early thirteenth century to have control over navigation. The tower, which houses the naval museum, is dodecagonal and consists of two bodies, one stone and one brick.
– The House of Pilate is located in the square of the same name and was built in the sixteenth century to the desire of Don Fadrique that, just returned from the Holy Land, he wanted to see realized a copy of the Praetorian of Pontius Pilate, procurator of Judea. In the palace are mixed architectural styles ranging from the Renaissance to the Mudejar style typical of Andalusia.
– Maria Luisa Park is the most beautiful green area of Seville result of the donation to the city, by the owner, Princess Maria Luisa, half of the gardens of the Palazzo San Telmo.
– Spanish is a giant square semicircular largha two hundred meters with two tall towers at its ends. At the center is a waterway and along its perimeter there are porches with balustrades and benches decorated with beautiful tiles depicting each of the 54 provinces in Spain.