Siena: what to see, attractions and places to visit city of Palio
What to see in Siena, attractions and places to visit in this city Tuscany great artistic heritage, famous for the traditional grabs.
The city of Siena stands on three hills, surrounded by a hilly landscape famous worldwide for its beauty. Its historic center is compact and homogeneous the legacy of a medieval period of great splendor, during which he was very nice aspect of the city planning. For an interesting sightseeing you can ‘start from Piazza del Campo where the Public Palace in the left wing with the Torre del Mangia while inside houses the Museo Civico.
In Palazzo Piccolomini is a museum of the State. From the steps outside the Basilica San Clemente in Santa Maria dei Servi opens a beautiful view of the city. Continuing in the Loggia of Merchandise, Via di Città with Palazzo Chigi, Piazza del Duomo with the imposing Cathedral, the Hospital of Santa Maria della Scala and the Church of the Santissima Annunziata.
In a building of Piazza Jacopo della Quercia is the Museo dell’Opera Metropolitana. Beneath the apse of the Duomo in Piazza San Giovanni is the Baptistery. The National Art Gallery occupies Palazzo Buonsignori and Palazzo Brigidi.
The Church of St. Augustine and that of S.Nicolo ‘to Carmine, with the Carmelite Convent. In the northern sector of the city meet overlooking Piazza Tomei, Tomei’s Palace, the Basilica of St. Mary of Provenzano overlooking the square in front overlooking a stretch of wall and the hills Senesi. The Basilica of San Francesco which closes the main square, which is also facing a wide landscape.
The Oratory of San Bernardino and then the Shrine of the House of St. Catherine, patroness of Italy. The imposing Basilica of San Domenico in the chapel of St. Catherine. Continuing we find the Fortress of Santa Barbara with inside shows and wine tasting, the Church of Fontegiusta and finally Porta Camollia.
Places to visit in Siena
Piazza del Campo
A fine example that demonstrates compliance with zoning regulations precise is the Piazza del Campo, the harmonious shape shell valve. In this square, or “field” as they call the people of Siena takes place twice a year the prize. At the center of the square is a copy of the Fonte Gaia, a rectangular tank by Jacopo della Quercia (original fifteenth panels are located on the museum complex of Santa Maria della Scala).
Overlooking the square, the Town Hall or the Public Palace, significant evidence of Gothic civil in Tuscany. From the end of the left wing of the palace stands the bold Torre del Mangia, symbol of the secular Republic of Siena. At the foot of the tower the Chapel Square, built by the Sienese to fulfill a vow after the plague of 1348, on the other sides of the square are the contours of ancient buildings with elegant facades.
Not far from Piazza del Campo is the Cathedral, dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta, a charming building in Romanesque-Gothic style, the pride of this city. The site where the current cathedral stood a church that is part of a building, which seems it was the residence of the Bishop to the year 913. In the twelfth century, this church was incorporated in the construction of a new structure which was gradually expanded and rebuilt in the following century.
Between 1258 and early 1300, a time when the monks of San Galgano were administrators dell’Opera del Duomo, the work was entrusted to Nicola Pisano and his son Giovanni. In 1339, when Siena was at the apex of its splendor, was designed to make the Church the transept of a work much wider, but the works were interrupted in 1357 due to subsidence of the facilities and especially the plague of 1348, a scourge for Siena. Subsequently, between 1377 and 1382 (year of completion) were made the top of the facade and the vaults of the nave, while it remains unfinished facade called “the facciatone”, from which today you can ‘see a beautiful panorama of the city’ .
Museum Santa Maria della Scala
In front of the Cathedral is the Museum Complex of Santa Maria della Scala, a great medieval building, valuable record historical and artistic of this city ‘. The large complex, one of the first examples in Europe of hospital and hospice for pilgrims and strangers, was the subject of a recovery work, and was made suitable to host cultural activities and museums. Until now the museum includes Pellegrinao, the Old Sacristy, the Chapel of the Mantle, the Chapel of Our Lady, the Church of the Annunciation, the medieval barn, the premises of the Society of Saint Catherine of the Night, the new Archaeological Museum, and other exhibition spaces of Palazzo Squarcialupi.
Along the North Via Town is the Palazzo Piccolomini, Also Known As Papesse Palace. The building, a typical example of Renaissance architecture, was built by James and Andrea Piccolomini Todeschini, nephews of Pope Pius II. The project was entrusted to Bernardo Rossellino and direction of the work of Peter Paul Porrina. The building was enlarged in sec. XVII. In the Palace it houses the state archives.
What to see in Siena
On the Street of City also faces Palazzo Chigi-Saracini, home of the prestigious Accademia Musicale Chigiana. The Palace was built in the mid-twelfth century by the family of Ghibelline Marescotti, and before it was built the Public Palace was the seat of the Council of the Republic of Siena. In 1506 when the building was purchased by the family Piccolomini-Mandoli were carried out renovations and the building took on a Renaissance appearance.
In 1770 the building became the property of the family that had it enlarged Saracini the facade and the enrichment ‘of precious works of art collected by Galgano Saracini. These works will be part of a museum that will be opened at the beginning of the nineteenth century. In 1877 the Palace was inherited by the Chigi family. The last owner of the palace, the Count Guido Chigi, restored the building, and his will was established here the Chigi Music Academy.
Basilica of San Domenico
San Domenico, in Camporegio, is one of the most important churches of Siena. The building was built by the Dominican order on land donated by the family Malavolti, in the year 1226. The gothic architecture of the Basilica is due to an expansion in the next century. This Church is linked to Santa Caterina, here is the relic of his head and in the Chapel of the Vaults, where the Dominican Tertiaries came together to pray, took most of his mystical life. This chapel is also truthful portrait of Santa Caterina, a fresco by Andrea Vanni.
Basilica of St. Francis
St. Francis is the church that overlooks the square, built in the thirteenth century in Romanesque style. Expansions occurred in the three hundred and four hundred transformed the structure into a refined work in Gothic art. In 1655 it was partially destroyed by fire, and rebuilt in the alleged original Gothic style in 1885-92 by Giuseppe Partini. The interior of the Basilica, the facade and the gate underwent changes from the original. The church is also famous for the Eucharistic miracle avvenutovi August 14, 1730.
Church of St. Augustine
St. Augustine was built in the thirteenth century and renovated by Luigi Vanvitelli in 1747. Inside are several artistic masterpieces, including the Crucifixion by Perugino, the Madonna and Child with Angels and Saints of Lorenzetti, and the Adoration of the Magi Sodom.