Spain holiday trip, things to know before you go

spain map
spain map

Guide Spain, useful information to organize holidays and travel in this state in Western Europe located in the Iberian Peninsula.

Spain in brief

  • Capital: Madrid
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 504.759
  • Population: 40.409.000
  • Catholic Religion

Where is Spain

Spain is bordered to the northeast with France and Andorra, to the west with Portugal, north, northwest and southwest is the Atlantic Ocean. To the east and southeast from the Mediterranean Sea. Spain also includes the Balearic Islands (Mediterranean Sea) and the Canary Islands (Atlantic Ocean).


The territory of Spain is formed in the central part of the country, the vast plateau of the Meseta, delimited by the Cantabrian Mountains and the Pyrenees to the north, from the Iberian east, from the Sierra Morena to the south and is traversed by internal chains, (Sierra de Gata, Sierra de Gredos, Sierra de Guadarrama). Further south the mountains of Toledo and the Sierra Morena. Between the Sierra Morena and Betic System, which is also part of the Sierra Nevada, with the highest peak of the peninsula (Cerro Mulhacèn reaches 3,478 m. High), it covers the basin of the Guadalquivir. Spain is divided into autonomous regions of Andalusia, Aragon, Asturias, the Balearic Islands, Cantabria, Castile and Leon, Castile-La Mancha, Catalonia, Valencia, Extremadura, Galicia, La Rioja, Madrid, Murcia, Navarra and the Basque Country. The Mediterranean coast is divided into sections of Costa Brava, Costa Dorada, Costa de Azahar, Costa Blanca and Costa del Sol.

Main towns

The most important cities are Madrid, Barcelona, ​​Valencia, Sevilla, Zaragoza, Málaga, Murcia, Palma de Mallorca, Balearic Islands, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Bilbao.

Madrid, located in the Central Plateau of the Meseta at 667 meters above sea level, is one of the highest capital cities in Europe. Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain that its economy is based mostly on port activities and tourism.

Valencia is the capital of the Valencian Community and an important port of the Mediterranean Sea.

Sevilla, which has origins Ibero-Punic and is the capital of Andalusia, is located on the banks of the River Guadalquivir and has many monuments, squares and gardens including the Giralda, the Cathedral, the Alcazar, the Archive of the Indies, square Spain and the gardens of Maria Luisa.

Zaragoza is archbishopric and university.

Málaga is located south of the autonomous community of Andalusia.

Murcia, located in the autonomous community of Murcia, is an industrial and commercial city, Episcopalian and university.

Palma, the main city on the island of Majorca and capital of the autonomous community of the Balearic islands, is very popular for its beaches, entertainment and vibrant nightlife.

Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, located in the autonomous community of the Canary Islands, is the capital of the province of Las Palmas in Gran Canaria.

Bilbao is the largest city and capital of the Basque province of Biscay.

Regions of Spain

The most important regions of Spain are Madrid, Catalonia, Valencia, Andalusia, Aragon, Murcia, the Balearic Islands, the Canary Islands and the Basque Country.


The slope of the Meseta to the west, means that most of the Spanish rivers, to flow to the Atlantic Ocean: Duero, Tagus, Guadiana. Even the Guadalquivir River flows into the Atlantic Ocean, has an ongoing basis, is navigable and is the most important river in Spain. Another important river is the Ebro which flows into the Mediterranean Sea.


In Spain there are various types of climate: the Meseta the climate is continental, with hot summers and cold winters, the rains are scarce. On the Atlantic coast, the climate is temperate oceanic, cool with abundant rainfall. On the Mediterranean coast, winters are mild and summers are hot, especially in the region Andalusian summers are hot and arid.


The Spanish population is composed mostly of Spaniards and minorities of Catalans, Galicians and Basques. Within these minorities with ethnic and linguistic characteristics own, there is a strong aspiration for autonomy (in particular the Basques) against the ruling group Castilian. The population is not evenly distributed in the territory, it is mainly concentrated in coastal areas, in the capital and its surroundings. The inland areas of the country are sparsely populated.

Time zone

UTC/GMT + 1 hours
During Daylight Saving Time UTC/GMT + 2 hours


Spanish (Castilian) is the official language of Spain. Catalan, Basque and Galician
in their respective autonomous regions are the official languages.


The Spanish economy in recent years has grown considerably. After the hard years of the dictatorship, which ended only in 1975, the Spanish economy has freed itself from the isolation and working in the EU, has achieved important goals. The service sector, especially the tourism sector and then also help banks and telecommunications with the highest percentage of the national income. Also important is the construction industry. The industry is present in the automotive, manufacturing, food and textiles. Significant production of olive oil, wine, and fruit exported from Spain in Europe. It also operates the fishing industry.

When to go to Spain

Spring and autumn are a good time to travel with mild weather and fewer crowds.

Travel Documents

The documentation required to travel to Spain varies according to the country of origin.
A passport valid for at least 90 days following your departure date from Spain, but
if you are a citizen of the EU, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland or Liechtenstein a valid ID card is
There are a number of countries whose citizens are required to have a valid current visa to enter Spain.


Calling Code: 0034


Electricity Supply is 220 V, 50 Hz.


Euro is the official currency in Spain.