Spain holidays: travel, things to know before you go

Guide Spain, useful information to organize holidays and travel in this state in Western Europe located in the Iberian Peninsula.

Spain in brief

  • Capital: Madrid
  • Surface area in sq km: 504 759
  • Population: 40.409 million (first half 2001)
  • Religion: Catholic

Where is Spain

Spain is bordered to the northeast with France and Andorra to the west with Portugal, north, northwest and southwest is the Atlantic Ocean. flag spain To the east and southeast from the Mediterranean Sea. Spain also includes the Balearic Islands (Mediterranean Sea) and the Canary Islands (Atlantic Ocean).


The territory of Spain is formed in the central part of the country, the vast plateau of the Meseta, delimited by the Cantabrian Mountains and the Pyrenees to the north, from the Iberian east, from the Sierra Morena to the south and is traversed by internal chains, (Sierra de Gata, Sierra de Gredos, Sierra de Guadarrama). Further south the mountains of Toledo and the Sierra Morena. Between the Sierra Morena and the Betic System, which is also part of the Sierra Nevada, with the highest peak of the peninsula (Cerro Mulhacèn reaches 3,478 m. High), extends the Guadalquivir basin. Spain is divided into autonomous communities of Andalusia, Aragon, Asturias, Balearic Islands, Cantabria, Castile and Leon, Castile-La Mancha, Catalonia, Valencia, Extremadura, Galicia, La Rioja, Madrid, Murcia, Navarra and the Basque Country. The Mediterranean coast is divided into the sections of the Costa Brava, Costa Dorada, Costa de Azahar, Costa Blanca and Costa del Sol.

Major cities

The major cities are Madrid, Barcelona, ​​Valencia, Sevilla, Zaragoza, Málaga, Murcia, Palma de Mallorca, Balearic Islands, Las Palmas and Bilbao.

Madrid, located plateau Meseta at 667 meters above sea level, is one of the highest capital cities in Europe. Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain that its economy is based primarily on the port activities and tourism.

Valencia is the capital of the Valencian Community and an important port of the Mediterranean Sea.

Seville, which has origins Ibero-Punic and is the capital of Andalusia, situated on the banks of the Guadalquivir River and has many monuments, squares and gardens including the Giralda, the Cathedral, the Alcazar, the Archive of the Indies, square Spain and the gardens of Maria Luisa.
Zaragoza is archbishopric and university.

Málaga is located south of the autonomous community of Andalusia.

Murcia, located in the autonomous community of Murcia, is an industrial and commercial city, Episcopalian and university.

Palma, the main city of the island of Majorca and capital of the autonomous community of the Balearic islands, is very popular for its beaches, entertainment and rich nightlife.

Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, located in the autonomous community of the Canary Islands, is the capital of the province of Las Palmas in Gran Canaria.

Bilbao is the largest city and capital of the Basque province of Biscay.

Regions of Spain

The most important regions of Spain are Madrid, Catalonia, Valencia, Andalusia, Aragon, Murcia, the Balearic Islands, the Canary Islands and the Basque Country.


The slope of the Meseta to the west, means that most of the Spanish rivers, to flow to the Atlantic Ocean: Duero, Tagus, Guadiana. The Guadalquivir River empties into the Atlantic Ocean, has an ongoing basis, is navigable and is the most important river in Spain. More important is the Ebro River which flows into the Mediterranean Sea.

Climate Spain

In Spain there are various types of climate: the Meseta the climate is continental, with hot summers and cold winters, the rains are scarce. On the Atlantic coast, the climate is temperate oceanic, cool with abundant rainfall. On the Mediterranean coast winters are mild and summers are hot, especially in the Andalusian region summers are very hot and arid.


The Spanish population is composed mostly of Spaniards and minorities of Catalans, Galicians and Basques. Within these minorities with ethnic and linguistic characteristics own, there is a strong aspiration for autonomy (in particular the Basques) against the dominant group Castilian. The population is not evenly distributed in the territory, is mainly concentrated in coastal areas, in the capital and its surroundings. Inland areas of the country are less populated.

Time zone

In Spain, the time is the same as Italian throughout the year.

Spoken language

The official language of Spain is Spanish (Castilian). In their respective autonomous regions are also the official languages ​​of Catalan, Basque and Galician.

Spain Economics

The Spanish economy in recent years has grown considerably. After the hard years of the dictatorship, which ended only in 1975, the Spanish economy has freed itself from the isolation and operating within the European Union, has achieved important goals. The service sector, especially the tourism sector and then also banks and telecommunications contribute with the highest percentage of the national income. Also important is the construction industry. The industry is present in the automotive, manufacturing, food and textiles. Significant production of olive oil, wine, and fruit exported from Spain across Europe. It also operates the fishing industry.

When to go Spain

On the coast of the Mediterranean Sea except for the summer months, which have particularly high temperatures, the weather is good all year. In the northwestern part of the country are given the months from May to September, for the rest of the country, (wanting to avoid the hottest months of July and August), beautiful are the months of May, June and September.

Documents required travel Spain

Italian citizens to enter Spain must be a valid identity card or passport for foreign travel. The country is part of the European Union and adheres to the Schengen Agreement.


– To call Spain is the prefix: 0034


The electric current is 220 volts.

Money and credit cards

The official currency of Spain is the euro. Credit cards are accepted and you can make ATM withdrawals.