Spoleto: what to visit, attractions and sights to see
What to see in Spoleto, where it is, attractions and monuments to visit in this ancient town in Umbria, many of which date back to Roman times.
Spoleto, near Perugia, is located on the hill Sant’Elia, a low hilly promontory, located at the southern end of the Valle Umbra. The city was an important town by the Umbrian since the seventh century BC, then became a flourishing Roman colony, and with the invasion of the Lombards was the capital of a vast duchy. The Lombards followed the Franks of the Carolingian Empire. With this dynasty was related to the Duke of Spoleto Guido III Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire that happen son Lamberto.
In 1155 the city was destroyed by Frederick Barbarossa and in 1198 Pope Innocent III affirmed papal rule over the Duchy will become a subdivision of the State of the Church. Belonging to the Papal States, excluding the Napoleonic period, it will remain until its annexation to the Kingdom of Italy. The Roman period is witnessed by various monuments located in urban or embedded in successive structures. Augustan age dating the Bloody Bridge, the Arch of Drusus and the remains of a Roman house, while the first centuries of the Empire are the Theatre, the Amphitheatre and a Temple, recognizable in the crypt of the Church of Sant’Ansano.
What to see in Spoleto in a day
At the initiative of the Lombard dukes was renewed in the eighth, the Church of San Salvatore, dating from the fourth and fifth centuries, a sign of the spread of Christianity and one of the main architectural remains of Langobardia Minor. It dates back to the fifth century the Basilica of St. Peter outside the city walls, built by the Bishop of Spoleto Achilleus as a burial place for the bishops. The basilica has undergone over the centuries numerous structural interventions.
During the decadence of the dukedom, began to flourish the Romanesque, well represented by the Church Of St. Eufemia, dating from the tenth century and rebuilt in the first half of the twelfth century, the Church of San Gregorio Maggiore, which was built in 1079 and modified over the centuries has kept the original layout, from the Church of Sts. John and Paul, place of worship small consecrated in 1174 where the current crypt corresponds to an existing church, built on a Roman building.
The Duomo, the beautiful Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, Romanesque building of the twelfth century, built on the site of the ancient cathedral destroyed in 1155 by Frederick Barbarossa and completed at the end of the thirteenth century. Very beautiful Pinturicchio’s frescoes in the chapel Eroli and Filippo Lippi in the apse of the central nave. The artistic history of Spoleto continues and is manifested by various works, such as the Church of San Domenico, in Gothic style, the Rocca Albornoz, one of the landmarks of the city, built in the fourteenth century, enlarged and embellished in the fifteenth century.
The Teatro Caio Melisso, the XVII century, abandoned after the inauguration of the New, and then reopened. The New Theatre “Gian Carlo Menotti,” was erected in the second half of the nineteenth century. In the twentieth century the two theaters will become famous thanks to the Festival of Two Worlds, also known as Spoleto festival, an international event of music, art, culture and spectacle that takes place every year in the city of Spoleto and representing a importe cultural event in the region Umbria .