Sri Lanka: travel guide, information holidays

sri-lanka map
sri-lanka map

Travel guide Sri Lanka, with useful information and things to know to organize your holidays in this state in South Asia with the capital Colombo.

Travel guide Sri Lanka

Information holidays Sri Lanka

  • Capital: Colombo
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 65 610
  • Population: 19,299,189
  • Religion: Predominantly Buddhist with minorities of Hindus, Muslims and Christians

Where is Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is a state in South Asia, consists of the island of the same name located in the Indian Ocean southeast of the southern tip of the Indian Peninsula. At the center of the island a plateau covered with forests culminates with Mount Pidurutalagala (m. 2527), the highest peak of Sri Lanka. The plateau slopes down with a series of terraces towards the sea from which, northeast, separates a wide flat area. In the central highlands of the island’s major rivers are born: Mahaweli, Kalu, Kelani and Walawe, which descend radially towards the sea, forming often falls in the transition from one terrace to another plateau. Among the highest peaks of the country stand out the Monte Kirigalpotta and Mount Adam’s Peak (Sri Pada), which is a place of pilgrimage for Buddhists, Muslims, Hindus and Christians.


The climate of Sri Lanka, which is subjected to the influence of the monsoon, is warm and humid with abundant rainfall. Dominates the tropical climate with no dry season on the island, except the north eastern part characterized by a tropical climate in periodic rainfall, with the dry season in the months from February / March to August, a time when, in the rest of the country prevails the wettest season. The average annual temperature is around 32.3 ° C in the plains and 21.1 ° C on the reliefs.


The population is composed mostly by Sinhalese (75%). For the remainder of the largest group is represented by the Tamil population of Dravidian race, divided into two groups: the Tamils ​​in Sri Lanka arrived in ancient times and the Tamils ​​brought in from India in the late nineteenth century by the British to work in tea plantations. Smaller groups are veddahs, the aborigines of Sri Lanka to the Dravidian race; the burghers, descendants of ancient European settlers; Moors, descendants of the ancient merchants and settlers Arabs and Malays.

Time Zone

UTC/GMT +5:30 hours


Sinhalese and the Tamils are the official languages ​​of Sri Lanka.


Various factors, including the ongoing ethnic conflict in the country, helping to slow the development of the economy of Sri Lanka and to maintain conditions of poverty for the population. The agricultural sector still has a fundamental importance and among the main crops are the export products such as tea, rubber, coconut, spices (especially cinnamon) and rice that is used for domestic consumption. Is also exported precious woods. Noteworthy mineral resources of precious stones and graphite. The industrial sector is not well developed but is still present with processors of agricultural products, rubber, paper, steel, and chemicals. Remittances from workers who have emigrated abroad and tourism are very important resources for the country’s economy.

When you go to Sri Lanka

To visit the imperial cities within the country and the resorts on the west coast, the best period is from January to March. For the locations of the north-east coast are preferred the months from February to September.

Travel Documents

A passport valid for no less than six months from the date of arrival.
Visa is required.


Calling Code is 0094


Supply electricity is 230 V 50 Hz.


The Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR) is the official currency of Sri Lanka.