St. Petersburg: what to see at the mouth of the Neva river.
What to see in St Petersburg, attractions and main monuments, itinerary of places of interest to visit, from the Winter Palace to Nevsky Prospekt.
Travel Guide St Petersburg
St. Petersburg, Russia’s second largest city by population and size, is very beautiful and important from an artistic and cultural, covers several islands connected by bridges and short stretches of land, near the mouth of the river Neva at the Gulf of Finland, is the main commercial port of Russia.
Founded in 1703 in St. Petersburg by Tsar Peter the Great, in 1712 it became the seat of the imperial court and the capital of the Empire. St. Petersburg project was realized by reclaiming the marshes of the Baltic Sea, with the aim, both to counter the nearby Swedish power, is to open the empire to the West, encouraging trade and cultural.
Distinguished artists and architects in Europe, including many Italians, called to collaborate in the construction of this fascinating and magnificent work, destined to become a capital refined by European features. The immense architectural heritage contained in the historic center of St. Petersburg is part of UNESCO World Heritage Site.
What to see in St Petersburg
– Winter Palace is located between the bank of the Neva River and the Palace Square. The current building designed in Baroque style by the Italian architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli, is the result of work carried out by various architects more over time ranging from 1730 to 1837, and was from 1732 to 1917 the official residence of the Tsars Russia.
The palace is part of the complex of buildings housing the Hermitage Museum. This prestigious museum houses one of the most important art collections in the world, especially about the sovereign Catherine the Great, very art lover. For those interested in Russian culture and its art, do not miss a visit to the Russian Museum. The main venue is the Mikhailovsky Palace, the other locations are the Summer Palace of Peter, the Marble Palace, Mikhailovsky Castle and the Stroganov Palace.
– St. Isaac’s Cathedral is located between the square of the same name and that of the Decembrists, and is one of the most interesting monuments of Russian art and neo-classical architecture of the nineteenth century. The project was commissioned by Tsar Alexander I to the French architect Auguste Montferrand, its construction began in 1818 and finish in 1858. It’s one of the buildings with domed roofs more big in the world, and since 1931 is a museum.
– Fortress of St. Peter and Paul is the citadel of St. Petersburg, the first nucleus of the city built by Peter the Great from 1703, designed by the architect Domenico Trezzini. Inside the fortress, there are several buildings of historical and artistic interest, such as the Peter and Paul Cathedral, the Trubetskoy bastion, the Grand Ducal Crypt, the Historical Museum of the City of St. Petersburg, the Mint Museum and also a factory chocolate.
– Nevsky Prospect is the main street that runs through the city of St. Petersburg. Start from Palace Square where overlook the Winter Palace, the General Staff Building Admiralty, on the banks of the Neva River, and ends with the stretch known as Staro-Nevsky leading to the Alexander Nevsky Monastery, crossing beautiful palaces and monuments, such as the grand neoclassical Kazan Cathedral, the construction of which was begun in 1801 by architect Andrey Voronikhin, modeled on the St. Peter’s Basilica at the Vatican in Rome. Located on the corner of Nevsky Prospect is the Stroganov Palace, one of the buildings more elegant city, built between 1752 and 1754, Italian architect Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli.
Around St. Petersburg
Around the city are numerous imperial residences, an example is the Peterhof Palace, situated on the shores of the Gulf of Finland and built at the behest of Peter the Great. The complex includes several buildings and parks with many fountains, tree-lined avenues and along woodland paths. It’s also accessible from the Baltic Sea.