St. Vitus Cathedral: the origins and construction of the cathedral in Prague
One of the greatest symbols of Prague, the St. Vitus Cathedral houses one of the most important relics of Christianity in the world, or the head of the Evangelist St. Luke.
Historical origins of St. Vitus Cathedral
Only completed in 1929, this building of worship places its primordial origins year 926, when Wenceslas ordered the construction of the rotunda of San Vito. After a century arose at that point a Romanesque basilica on which, starting from the first half of the fourteenth century, was built a Gothic cathedral.
The project was entrusted to a French architect, M d’Arras, invited to the court of King Charles IV. LQA eastern part is inspired by the first French Gothic, with clear references to the cathedrals of Toulouse and Narbonne. The choir of the church is notable for its impressive size, 47 meters long and 39 high.
Dead D’Arras, the direction of the work went to Petr Parler, who had the merit of embellishing the Cathedral, conformandone traits to those corresponding to the German Gothic. Were the sons of Parler continued and that the work was completed in the choir, beginning after the construction of the high bell tower that dominates the cathedral from a height of 99 meters.
The bell tower of the Cathedral of San Vito is also famous for hosting the bell of St. Sigismund, the more bohemian. In 1872, J. Mocker started work to complete the immense building, faithfully following the draft Petr Parler. In the same period was also started the portal that was completed by K. Hilbert in 1929.
The same year also took place the consecration of the cathedral, completed after 1000 years since the death of St. Wenceslas. The precious facade, enclosed between two identical towers, is a masterpiece of Gothic Revival, characterized by precious decorations, especially those included in the central rosette and portals.
The interior impresses with breathtaking dimensions, marked by three naves divided by massive pillars supporting arches. To admire the magnificent times, stained glass, sculpted busts depicting the designers of the cathedral, chapels and paintings.