Stockholm in one day: what to see, history and monuments
Travel Guide Stockholm, what to see in the capital of Sweden overlooking the Baltic Sea, visiting a city rich in history and monuments.
Capital and main economic and cultural center of Sweden, Stockholm overlooking the Baltic Sea along the east coast of the country, at the point where Lake Malaren meets the sea. The city is spread over 14 islands connected by bridges, in front of an archipelago of more than 24,000 islands and islets, of which only about a thousand are inhabited. The city was founded in 1255 by about Birger Jarl, regent of the throne of Sweden, and by the end of the century. XII was one of the most important Scandinavian cities, thanks to the profitable trades that occurred with the Hanseatic ports.
In 1397 took place at the behest of Margaret I of Denmark, the unification of Denmark, Norway and Sweden in the Union of Kalmar, which recognized a single sovereign while maintaining the laws and government of each country. During the next century nationalistic spirit manifested itself in the population through numerous battles against the Danes.
In 1520 the Danish king Christian II, King of Sweden, he hanged a hundred people, episode known as the “Stockholm blood bath” provoking revolts by the people who headed the nobleman Gustav Vasa in 1523 drove the Danes from Stockholm.
It was founded the new state that will have independent Swedish capital Stockholm as. Among the major points of interest include the medieval old town, the Staden mellan Broarna which translated means the city between the bridges, which has picturesque views made of narrow streets and ancient buildings. Stockholm is an important cultural center that includes a university, the Royal Institute of Technology, the Academy of Fine Arts and Sciences, where the foundation of the Nobel prizes are awarded Nobel.
Do not miss the museums among which the National Museum, which houses important collections of paintings and sculptures. Among the monuments worth remembering the Royal Palace, the church of St. Nicholas, the church Riddarholm located on the island of Riddarholmen, where are buried the sovereigns Swedes, and the Parliament building, which is located on the island of Helgeandsholmen. No less important the City Hall, the zoo and the Royal Dramatic Theatre.
What to see in Stockholm in one day
The only area of the city which houses a remarkable architectural complex of medieval mark is the neighborhood of Staden (Staden or mellan Broarna, namely the city between the bridges), which is the oldest urban center and is located on a small island in the heart of the city.
On the island of Riddarholmen rose in the sec. XIII the castle and the walls, the remains of which are incorporated into later buildings. In the same period are the church of St. Nicholas (Storkyrkan), the cathedral, turned inside in Gothic (sec. XV) and outside in classical style (XVIII cent.), And the church of the Knights (Riddarholmskyrkan) which houses the tombs of the Swedish royal family.
The bell tower of this church was built in 1841, and is one of the elements that characterize the shape of the city of Stockholm. In about 1640 was started construction of the building of the Nobility (Riddarhuset), the first great classical style building in the city. With the start of construction of the new Royal Palace (about 1680) was introduced in Sweden by N. Tessin the Younger, the Roman Baroque.
The palace was completed in rococo forms, in 1750 by K. Hårleman. At the end of the eighteenth century date from the Stock Exchange building (E. Palmstedt, 1776) and the castle of Kina, at Drottningholm. In the Town Hall (Stadshuset) is held every year the ceremony of the Nobel Prize.
Among the many museums are very interesting to visit the National Museum, with a rich collection of paintings, Swedish, European, sculptures, prints and drawings, and the Vasa Museum, which takes its name from the Vasa, the ship of the century. XVII, sunk in the depths of Stockholm harbor, recovered in 1961 and since then perfectly preserved in a pavilion.