Sweden tourism: driving trip in Scandinavia’s State
Guide holiday in Sweden, all the things to know to organize trips in the state located on the eastern side of the Scandinavian Peninsula.
Sweden in brief
- Capital: Stockholm
- Surface area in square kilometers: 449,964 sq km (including 38 459 square kilometers of inland waters)
- Population: 9,118,954
- Religion: Protestant majority (Lutheran).
Sweden occupies the eastern side of the Scandinavian Peninsula, bordered to the west and north with Norway to the north and northeast with Finland, is washed to the south from the Kattegat, southeast from the Baltic Sea and on the east by the Gulf of Bothnia. flag sweden In the north east of the country is the region of Lapland, shared with Norway and Finland, while along the border with Norway runs the mountain range of the Scandinavian Alps, formed in part by plateaus partially covered by glaciers and lakes. The chain is lowered from north to south and east slopes with a series of terraces to the sea, where it extends a coastal plain. Even in the southern tip of the country is a plain which together with a relatively mild climate to favorite farming. The main islands of Gotland and Öland are Sweden (Baltic Sea).
The glacial lakes, covering about 8% of the surface of the country; the rivers are mostly steep and often interrupted by waterfalls (an important reserve of electricity), run mostly parallel from northwest to southeast and many originate from lakes. The lakes are: Vänern, Vättern, Mälaren and the major rivers are: Ångerman River, Dalälven, Klarälven, Umeälven, Torneälven.
Climate Sweden varies according to latitude. In the northern part of the country the weather in winter is very hard, while in the south and on the coast is more temperate, thanks to the influence of the Gulf Stream. Winters are long and lasts from October to May, the summers are short and temperatures are more uniform across the country.
In the regions above the Arctic Circle, in the summer, the sun does not set for almost two months and you can witness the phenomenon of the midnight sun.
The majority of the population is Swedish (ca 90%); the remainder is made up of people from other Nordic countries, and outside Europe. The minorities of Finnish populations of northeast and the Sami people of Swedish Lapland, living in Sweden, has a precise ethnic identity and their culture. The population density is very low, and it is mainly concentrated in the southern part of the country.
The official language of Sweden is Swedish.
Sweden have a high standard of living, can count on a very efficient welfare state as well as a good system of communications and transport. On the territory there are important natural resources (deposits of iron ore, significant forest resources and hydropower), which are connected to the industries of paper, cellulose and the metal industry. Significant the engineering sector that accounts for about half of industrial production and exports. Agriculture employs a small percentage of the Swedish workforce, the main products are: sugar beet, wheat, barley and potatoes. Typical of this country is reindeer herding and fur animals. Tourism sector is growing.
When you go Sweden
Summer Sweden are from mid-June to mid-August: in this period the days are very long and above the Arctic Circle, in the months of June and July it becomes almost never dark. And it’s possible attend to the phenomenon of the midnight sun, it’s vacation time for the Swedes and is also the best time to visit this country.
Documents required travel Sweden
A valid identity card or passport. The country is part of the European Union and adheres to the Schengen Agreement.
International code to call Sweden: 0046
Electric current is 230 V 50 Hz. Sockets type C, F.
Official currency of Sweden is Swedish krona (SEK).