Switzerland: guide, useful information for traveling in the cantons
Switzerland Travel Guide, travel tips and things to know to arrange holidays to discover this country Europe with capital Bern.
Switzerland in brief
- Capital: Bern
- Surface area in square kilometers: 41 293
- Population: 7.4 million
- Religion: Catholic and Protestant
Where is Switzerland
Switzerland is bordered to the north by Germany, on the east by Austria, Liechtenstein and Italy, on the south by Italy, to the west by France. The Swiss territory is mostly mountainous and can be divided into three regions: the Altiplano, the Jura and the Alps. The plateau is an area with an average altitude of 580 m., With a high population density, which extends between Lake Geneva southwest and Lake Constance northeast. In this area where the meadows and cultivated fields, alternating with urban centers are concentrated most of the economic activities of the country. To the northwest, between Lake Geneva and the Rhine lies the Jura, a series of mountain ranges of limestone. This region has given its name to the Jurassic geological period. There were numerous dinosaur footprints and fossils found. To the south the Swiss Alps cover a wide area of the territory. The course of the Rhone divides the Alps in northern (Bernese Alps, Alps of Glarus, Uri Alps) and southern (Pennine Alps, the Alps Lepontine, Rhaetian Alps). Besides the Rhone also the rivers Reno, Ticino, Rheuss, Aare crossing in these mountains, beautiful valleys that cross the pass of San Gottardo, an extraordinary meeting orographic and hydrographic.
Switzerland’s rivers flow to the North Sea through the Rhine, which together with its tributaries is an extensive river network, (also collects the waters of the rivers Aare, Emme, Reuss). Other important Switzerland’s rivers are: the Rhone which flows into the Mediterranean Sea, the Inn, a tributary of the Danube, the Ticino, a tributary of the Po. There are numerous lakes, the largest are: Lake Geneva, Lake Constance, Lake Neuchatel, Lake Maggiore, Lake Lucerne, Lake Zurich, Lake Lugano, Lake Thun, Lake Biel.
Switzerland’s climate is various, it’s influenced by the orographic situation of the territory and the presence of numerous lakes. The climate varies in addition to the latitude even for the arrangement of the mountain ranges and the proximity of the lakes. In the area of the plateau, in the plains and hills the climate is temperate. In particular, Lugano, unlike other parts of the country, thanks to the presence of the lake of the same name, enjoys a mild climate. In the Alps, the weather is cold and wet, although the Southern Alps being the sunniest have a warmer climate than in northern ones. The territory of Switzerland is characterized by the action of two winds: the Bise, a continental wind, dry and cold blowing into Switzerland from the northeast, with particular intensity in the region of Geneva; the Foehn, hot and dry blowing into Switzerland from the south, causing sudden rises in temperature.
Switzerland’s population has an average density high enough; focuses mainly nell’altipiano (Mittelland) and the Pre-Alps, is formed mainly by four cultural and linguistic groups: German, French, Italian and Rhaeto-Romanic. In Switzerland there are many Italian immigrants.
UTC/GMT +1 hour
The official languages in Switzerland: German, French, Italian and Romansh (Romance language) spoken by a minority in the canton of Graubünden where it is the official language.
Switzerland; a country with a thriving economy and a high standard of living, is a leading international financial centers. The prosperity of the Swiss economy is mainly due to the excellent development of the sectors of banking, financial, tourism and trade. Another important area is the specialized industry (chemical-pharmaceutical and precision engineering). Significant is the breeding of cattle feeding the dairy industry with the production of milk and cheese.
When you go to Switzerland
Every month of the year is all right for visiting the Switzerland.
If you’re UE citizens: Identity card or passport.
The country is part of Schengen Area.
Calling code: 0041
The electricity supply in Switzerland is 220V.
The official currency in Switzerland is Swiss Franc.