Syria tourism guide, useful travel, things to know

syria map
syria map

Tourist guide trip to Syria, all the important things to know before you go for a holiday in this state in Western Asia.

Syria in brief

  • Capital: Damascus
  • Surface area in sq km: 185 180
  • Population: 20.367 million
  • Religion: Muslim (mostly Sunni), 10% Christian (Orthodox, Armenians, Catholics and Protestants) and small Jewish communities.

Where is Syria

The Syrian Arab Republic is located in Western Asia. It is bordered to the north by Turkey, on the east and southeast by Iraq, on the south by Jordan to the south-west with Lebanon and Israel to the west is washed by the Mediterranean Sea for only 183 Km. The coastal strip, narrow and flat, it is bounded by the Alaouite chain that runs parallel to the coast to the border with Lebanon, along which runs the mountain range dell’Antilibano with the highest peak in the country, Mount Hermon, 2,814 meters asl To the south-west slopes down the chain in the hill formed from the Golan Heights, while in southern Syria stands the isolated volcanic group of Jabal al-Druze. The interior of the country consists mainly of desert plateaus, interspersed with fertile plains along the rivers Euphrates and Orontes.


The Syrian territory is crossed by two major rivers, the Euphrates and the Orontes. In turn, the Euphrates receives a generous contribution of water from tributaries Balikh and Khabur. The border with Turkey for a short distance is marked by the Tigris River.


In the coastal strip of Syria, the climate is mitigated by the Mediterranean, between winter and summer is not much difference in temperature. The winter is mild and rainy, summer quite hot and humid. A continental climate with harsh and rainy winters quite interested in the mountainous area, while in the interior regions precipitation decreases. In summer it is hot and there is a lot of moldo drought. Proceeding eastward, on plateaus, the climate becomes desert.


The population consists of Arabs, with minorities of Kurds, Armenians, Turks and others.

Time zone

EEST UTC+3:00 hours
EET UTC+2:00 hours


Arabic is the official language of Syria.


The agricultural sector employs about 30% of the active population and plays a very important role in the Syrian economy, despite the production has been affected by abrupt reductions caused by drought. The Syria ranks high on the world’s top producers of olive oil and pistachios. Also significant is the production of cumin, wheat, barley and sugar beet.

Syria’s economy is very dependent on the oil sector that is a primary source for government revenues and contributes significantly to GDP, but has to deal with a constant decrease in production. To counter this situation, the government has taken various measures, including greater attention to the exploitation of natural gas from natural reserves in the country.

The Syrian authorities are still moving towards the liberalization of the economy, whereas the industry, most of the companies operating in the main, are public entities controlled by the government. The tourism sector is playing an increasingly important role.

When to go to Syria

The best time to visit Syria is April-May and September-October.

Travel Documents

– A Passport valid for a period not less than one month after the elapse of the period of the entry visa, provided that the passport is issued by a state recognized by Syria, does not carry an Israeli visa, and the name of the passport owner is not listed among those forbidden from entering Syria.
– An entry visa or transit visa issued by the Syrian embassy or consulate in the original country of the tourist or his place of residence.


Calling Code: 00963


The supply electricity is 220 V 50 Hz.


The Syrian pound is the official currency of Syria.