Tanzania vacation guide, travel information

tanzania map
tanzania map

Tips Tanzania trip, tour guide with all the things to know to organize holidays in this African state.

Tanzania in brief

  • Capital: Dodoma
  • Surface area in sq km: 945 090
  • Population: 43,739,051
  • Religion: Christianity, Islam and animist cults

Where is Tanzania

Tanzania is a country in Eastern Europe, formed by the union of the State of Tanganyika, corresponding to the Tanzania mainland, with that of Zanzibar, formed from the island of the same name and from the island of Pemba. Tanzania is bordered to the north by Kenya and Uganda to the west with Rwanda, Burundi and Democratic Republic of Congo, on the south by Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the east is the Indian Ocean. The territory consists of a flat coastal strip that rises towards the interior with a large plateau, 1,200 meters above sea level average, which is bordered to the northeast by a volcanic system dominated by Mount Kilimanjaro, which at 5895 meters is the highest mountain on the African continent carattereizzata from a peak covered by a glacier perennial. To the north of the highland Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika and west. To the north near the border with Kenya, the African Rift Valley is Lake Natron, a saline lake shallow that during the dry season becomes very intense colors.

Hydrography

The territory of Tanzania includes some parts of the largest lakes in Africa, the southern portion of Lake Victoria, the eastern part of Lake Tanganyika, and the north-eastern portion of Lake Niassa. The major rivers of the country are the Rufigi, the Rovuma, the Pangani and Kagera.

Climate

The climate of Tanzania is predominantly tropical, with temperatures mitigated by the altitude. Along the Indian Ocean coast and islands Pemba, Zanzibar and Mafia climate is warm and humid, while on the plateau the rains are minor and occur more pronounced diurnal temperature variations. The season of the long rains from March to May, while that of the short rains between October and December.

Population

The population of Tanzania consists mostly of Bantu tribe of origin, whose main ethnic groups are the Sukuma and Nyamwezi. Other ethnic groups are the chaga, haya him, him, him hehe, the gogo, the Ngonde, Ngoni, the nyakyusa, the Nyika, the yao and Masai. Also residing in Tanzania minorities Indian, Pakistani, Arab and European.

Time Zone

UTC/GMT +3 hours

Language

Swahili is the official language of Tanzania.
English is the language of commerce.

Economy

Tanzania’s economy is very poor, due largely to agriculture conditioned by poor land productivity, hampered by unreliable climatic conditions and the use of a backward technology.

When you go to Tanzania

The best months to visit Tanzania are January and February, when the weather is very hot and dry. To visit the Serengeti National Park, the most famous park in the country, is to be preferred the period from December to July, if we want to follow the migration of the wildebeest. Instead, if we want to see predatory animals the best time is from June to October.

Travel Documents

– Passport valid for at least 6 months after your arrival.
– Visa

Phone

Calling Code is 00255

Electricity

Supply electricity: 230 V 50 Hz

Currency

The Tanzanian Shilling is the official currency of Tanzania.

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