Tarquinia: what to see in the ancient Etruscan city
What to see in Tarquinia, tour the historic center, the Etruscan Museum, places to visit in the necropolis of Monterozzi, painted tombs from the tomb of the leopards.
Tarquinia, a town in the province of Viterbo in Lazio, is located on a hill 132 meters above sea level surrounded by an area of great scenic and archaeological. The ancient Etruscan city was located on the hill of Civita, a few kilometers to the east of the current city built in medieval times, a settlement that originated in the period of the fall of the Roman Empire, when the inhabitants of Tarquinia, near the hill moved there and called the town Cornietum.
An extraordinary example of the city of Tarquinia, which was built between the tenth and eighth centuries BC, is the vast Etruscan necropolis Monterozzi, archaeological area which includes a large number of painted Etruscan tombs, fundamental to understand, through the many images, the ‘evolution of the Etruscan civilization.
A special note to the tomb of leopards, era dating back to 473 BC, which consists of a funerary monument with a rectangular plan and a gabled roof with a beam on the top, accessible through the tunnel and steps, the name comes from the representation of two leopards from big mouth positioned around a tree, the site has been recognized by UNESCO as a world heritage site for the valuable testimony given as to the Etruscan period.
The appearance of the medieval city, stand out in the eyes of the walls, numerous towers, ancient palaces and churches of extraordinary beauty. In the historical center is the Museo Archeologico Nazionale Tarquiniense, better known as Etruscan museum, housed in Palazzo Vitelleschi, architectural masterpiece of the Renaissance commissioned by Cardinal Giovanni Vitelleschi, between 1436 and 1439, designed by Giovanni Dalmata.
Along the coast there are the seaside resorts of Tarquinia Lido, Marina Velca and the Reserve of the former Saline.