Tbilisi tourism: what to see in the capital of Georgia
Tourist guide on things to do in Tbilisi, the main attractions of a city rich in history and great artistic heritage.
Where is Tbilisi
Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, is located in the South Caucasus on the banks of the river Mtkvari, known as turkish Kura. The city covers an amphitheater on several levels, from a minimum altitude of 380 meters above sea level up to a maximum of 770 meters above sea level, surrounded on three sides by mountains. The area where the city was founded in the fifth century AD, is rich in sulfur hot springs, which is why it was called Tbilisi, which in ancient Georgian means warm place.
Throughout history, Tbilisi was often fought over by antagonistic powers, attracted by its strategic location along the main trade routes between Europe and Asia. Its historic center, through the various architectures, reflecting the cultures of the people who in the past have conquered. The oldest part of the city is presented with an architectural style Georgian style plagued the Middle East.
What to visit in Tbilisi
Walking along its narrow cobbled streets, the houses a bit decadent show characteristic carved wooden balconies. In this area, always on the right bank of the Mtkvari River, lies the Sioni Cathedral, built between the sixth and seventh centuries, though the Church today is the thirteenth century, with changes made from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century.
This church is very important for the Georgian Orthodox Church, because it keeps the Grapevine cross which, according to tradition, was brought to Georgia in the fourth century by the Holy Christian, also called St. Nino, who converted the country to Christianity. On the left bank of the river Mtkvari, beyond the old city and the Metekhi bridge, rises above the cliffs area Avlabari and strategically placed the Metekhi Church, built between 1278 and 1289, then rebuilt several times.
The church stands on the site where, in the fifth century, the king Gorgasali erected the building and the first church of the site, at the time of its foundation. In the district of Abanotubani are the ancient sulfur baths, frequented by celebrities such as Alexandre Dumas and Pushkin. The structure appears with domes that rise to the level of the ground, since most of the bathrooms, many dating back to the seventeenth century, are underground. The Baths Orbeliani located on the surface, with their beautiful blue tile facade, are the most striking.
Overlooking the city, the statue of Mother Georgia and the ancient fortress Narikala, whose origins predate the founding of Tbilisi. The citadel is located on the high ridge of Sololaki, on the western side of the cliff at the bottom of which flows the river Mtkvari. The Peace Bridge, opened in 2010, is an elegant footbridge over the River Mtkvari, constructed of glass and steel Italian architect Michele De Lucchi, serves to connect the old quarter with the new part of Tbilisi.
A cable car, with glass floor, provides convenient access to the Fortress area, offering wonderful views. Among the museums to visit in Tbilsi are to be reported on the Historical Museum of Georgia, which houses an ethnographic collection and a beautiful collection of ancient jewelery, and the Museum of Fine Arts of Georgia, which houses a collection of Persian art, Georgian and Western .