The Terracotta Army of Emperor Qin Shi Huang
Tour guide to visit the terracotta army, history and purpose of this imperial achievement, including the mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi.
Visit to the Terracotta Army
Near Xi’an, a city located in the Chinese province of Shaanxi, is the important archaeological complex formed by the mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang and the famous terracotta army of Emperor Qin Shi Huang who, after joining the various China states into one empire, wanted to recreate a palace and an army to defend him in the afterlife, can instill obedience and respect even after his death.
Workers from every province of the empire participated in the creation of this site, reminiscent of the urban plan of the ancient capital. An army of thousands of terracotta statues depicting the soldiers of the imperial army, reproduced in full scale with somatic features different from each other, different in clothing and in arming.
For reasons of stability, the structure of the statues is full to the waist and empty in the trunk, the heads were first modeled and cooked separately, then placed in their place. There are archers, officers and warriors in the wagons pulled by four horses each, all ready for battle.
A discovery occurred by accident in 1974, when some farmers to achieving a well, dug in the ground and came across this extraordinary underground reality, after coming off the archaeological excavations. THE mausoleum lies beneath a pyramid of earth and has not yet been brought to light.
At a distance of about a mile from this hill were excavated three large pits, where they were found the statues of soldiers, deployed inside corridors originally covered by wooden roofs. The estimated number of soldiers is about 6000, as well as hundreds of horses and chariots, of which only some have been restored.
It seems that after the death of Qin Shi Huang, who had participated in the construction of this great underground city, to avoid the risk that it would reveal the secrets, were walled in together with the emperor and his concubines, to protect the treasures stored inside were inserted weapons capable of automatically engage.
The Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi, which also includes the terracotta army, is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.