Tremiti: what are, what to see in the islands of Puglia

Excursion to the Tremiti, what to see in the islands that make up the archipelago of Gargano, tourist itinerary of places to visit with the specific characteristics of each island.

Guide Tremiti

What to visit in the islands tremors, where they are, their history and an itinerary that includes a detailed description of each island.
Tremiti Islands are an archipelago in the Adriatic Sea, off the northern coast of Puglia. The archipelago is formed by the islands, San Domino, San Nicola, Capraia, Pianosa and some rocks, the largest of which is the Cretaccio with alongside the rock called the Old. From the administrative point of view the archipelago is the common Tremiti Islands, in the province of Foggia.

The islands are a Marine Nature Reserve and are part of the National Park of Gargano. Tremiti islands in antiquity were called Diomede islands, because according to legend, Diomedes, a character from Greek mythology, hijacked by a major storm landed on these islands calling Insulae Diomedeae. Diomedes died in these islands, and it is said that his mortal remains are in a tomb inside a Roman necropolis greek this St. Nicholas Island.

Tremiti there are evidences of human settlements dating back to the Neolithic, then the islands knew the Greek and Roman civilizations, although for the Romans, the islands were mainly a place of confinement for most characters’ or less illustrious era. In the ninth century, the Benedictine monks of Monte Cassino began construction on the island of San Nicola, the Abbey of Santa Maria a Mare, which are linked to historical events more ‘significant of these places.

In the eleventh century the complessso reached its heyday, had many possessions also on land and riches that would make it independent from the Abbey of Monte Cassino, and also the monks with a series of alliances, often questionable, they could protect themselves from attacks by Turkish pirates and Dalmatian, until the order of Benedictines was replaced, to tensions with the Cassinese Monastery and the Holy See, with the Cistercian monks, who enlarged and fortified the abbey with the help of King Carlo D’Angio ‘, but a catastrophic attack by Dalmatian pirates put an end to their presence on the islands.

After a long period of neglect, in eta ‘Renaissance came the Canons Regular of the Lateran who restored and brought back to its former glory the abbey-fortress.

In the eighteenth century, Ferdinand IV of Bourbon suppressed the abbey, which over time had lost power, and the island became a penal colony. The Bourbons in order to repopulate the islands you did install the Neapolitans from the slums of the city, and today the dialect spoken on the islands is to be handed down to them, rather than the dialect of the nearby city of Foggia. In the fascist era the Quakes were a place of confinement for political opponents.

What to see at Tremiti

San Domino Island is the largest of the Tremiti islands from the point of view of landscape, of pine trees that slopes from the rocky coast, dotted with beautiful coves, caves emerged and submerged, with the Hill that the Hermit, with its 116 meters altitude above sea level, is the highest point.

In San Domino the most interesting places to see are the Grotta del Bue Marino, the cave of Violas, Cave of the Swallows, the cave of Moray, and Cale, Matano, Arenas, of Pigno, the English, Tonda, l ‘ Architiello San Domino, the rock of the Elephant, the rocks the haystacks. The island of San Domino is the one that offers the greatest tourism between the islands of the archipelago.

Isola San Nicola: stands out among the islands of the archipelago, to the rich history and its interesting monuments. To visit the charming church of Santa Maria in the sea, the Angevin Tower, the Loggia della Cisterna of Meridiana and around the fortified complex. From the point of view of landscape features a rocky coastline with cliffs along the sea. Among the places to see, the Grotto of Our Lady, the cave of Ferraio, the cave Cape of Death, Punta del Camposanto and Sawn Rocks.

Capraia Island is the second largest island of the Tremiti, is mostly uninhabited rocky and covered with a very sparse vegetation, its land slopes down from north to south. Among the places to see, Cala Sorrento, Cala dei Turchi, Cala of ragged, Cala Stone of Rifle, Cala dei Turchi, Cala del Cafe, Cala Grande, Cala of Pisces, the cave of the Widows, the cave of Cato, the Grottone the Architiello, the rock of the grouper, the rock of the Crow, the rocks Zizze and Punta Secca.

Pianosa Island is the smallest of the archipelago, excluding the islet-rock Cretaccio, a large uninhabited rock and lost in the Adriatic Sea, a reality in its own right for the isolation in which it is located, in the heart of the marine reserve . You can ‘visit the island only with the consent of the managing body.

The island consists of a stone formed by drying and flaking of the blocks of limestone, due to a height that only in a few places reaches a maximum of 15 meters above sea level, is often almost completely submerged by the waves. Its structure, characterized by rocky north shore, with sheer walls fairly continuous, slopes down to drop completely as you head south. The flora and fauna, scarce on the surface, are highly developed in the surrounding seabed.