Geography and the range between the two tropics, said band tropical climate, typical plants, sea and land within the zone.
Geography of the Tropics
The tropics are the two parallel of latitude 23 ° 27 ‘north and 23 ° 27’ south respectively called the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn that match the angle of tilt of the Earth from the vertical to the plane of the orbit. They correspond to the highest latitudes where the sun’s rays affect the earth perpendicularly at least one day in a year. Mark the boundary between the tropical and temperate.
Tropic of Cancer
The Tropic of Cancer is one of the two tropics of the Earth and in astronomy is represented by an imaginary line parallel to the equator is 23 ° 27 ‘to the north; Cancer is said as the sun enters the constellation of the same name on the day corresponding to the summer solstice when, in the middle of the day, the earth is struck perpendicularly by the rays of the sun. The territories and the masses of water crossed by the Tropic of Cancer are Algeria, Niger, Libya, Egypt, Red Sea, Arabian Sea, India, Bangladesh, Burma, China, China Sea, Taiwan, Pacific Ocean, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Gulf of California, the Caribbean, Bahamas, Atlantic Ocean, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Mali.
Tropic of Capricorn
The Tropic of Capricorn therefore include areas of the Earth where the sun culminates in the zenith at noon on the day of the winter solstice; Capricorn is defined because the sun enters the constellation of Capricorn on the same day. The Tropic of Capricorn passes through many areas of the world including Pacific Ocean, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Atlantic Ocean, Namibia, Botswana, South Africa, Mozambique, the Mozambique Channel, Madagascar, Indian Ocean and Australia.
Belt between the two tropics or the tropical belt
The band of land between the two tropics has a characteristic climate which is said tropical climate where we are limited in temperature throughout the year and frequent rains in character often stormy. In this area is the tropical forest a natural setting with great biodiversity. The fact that not alternate two seasons and the humidity is very high favors the proliferation of lush vegetation with some types of trees that can reach heights of several tens of meters; among typical plants are the epiphytes, vines and ferns. There are also many animals including bats, colorful parrots, hummingbirds and even birds of Paradise, some varieties of snakes, iguanas, chameleons, geckos, giant toads, frogs, monkeys, jaguars and leopards. Speaking of the tropics the equator passing reference that is nothing more than the imaginary circle placed between the tropics that divides the globe into two equal hemispheres said respectively northern hemisphere one place to the north and one on the southern hemisphere.
Earth’s equator and tropics
The Earth’s equator along the Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, the Arctic Circle and the Antarctic Circle is one of the five parallel reference and with it, in conjunction of the two equinoxes, day and night are of equal length. The equatorial circumference through seas and lands including Gabon, Republic of Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Maldives, Indonesia, Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, Halmahera, Colombia and Brazil.