Turkey holidays guide with useful information for the journey

turkey map
turkey map

Useful information for travel in Turkey, things to know before leaving for a holiday in this state, necessary documents, best times to go and how to get.

Turkey in brief

  • Capital: Ankara
  • Surface area in sq km: 779 452
  • Population: 74,876,697
  • Religion: Sunni Muslim majority

Where is Turkey

Turkey is bordered to the northeast with Georgia, Armenia and Iran to the east, on the south by Iraq and Syria, northwest with Greece and Bulgaria. It is bathed by the Aegean Sea, the Black Sea, the Mediterranean Sea and includes among its European and Asian shores of the Marmara Sea, bordered by the Bosporus and the Dardanelles. Eastern Thrace (European Turkey) represents only 3% of the territory of the country; the remaining territory (Asian Turkey) is formed by a massive peninsula which coincides with Anatolia, largely occupied by a vast plateau, crossed by numerous chains and bordered on the north by the Pontic Mountains and south than the Taurus, which are located behind the Mediterranean Sea coast, proceeding eastward connect all’Acrocoro Armenian. On the border between Armenia and Iran is Mount Ararat, the highest peak in Turkey.


The main rivers of Turkey are: the Kizilirmak (the longest river), the Yesilirmak and Sakarya, which flow into the Black Sea; the Gediz and the Buyuk Menderes that render to the Aegean Sea; the Tigris and Euphrates that are directed to the Persian Gulf. Anatolia is full of lakes, the largest are the Van, the Tuz (which have salt water) and Beysehir.


Turkey, land stretching between three seas, with coastal reliefs and high interior regions is characterized by different climates. The Black Sea region has a mild climate and humid, its coastline is the wettest area of ​​the country. The regions of the coast of the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea are characterized by a typical Mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot summers, rainfall is moderate (drought in the summer). The interior plateau has an arid climate with hot and dry summers and cold winters. In mountainous areas the climate is alpine.


The majority of the population consists of Turks (originating in Central Asia arrived in Turkey in the sec. XI AD) and minorities of Kurds (the largest group) as well as Arabs, Greeks and Armenians.

Time zone

UTC/GMT +3 hours during Daylight Saving Time
UTC/GMT +2 hours during Standard Time


Turkish is the official language of Turkey.


Turkey with its geographical position on the border between East and West, and its rich history, is called a number of challenges to conquer a balanced economic development, also need to gain admission to the European Union. The economy initially founded on agriculture, around 1930 has undergone a transformation that has enabled the initiation and development of industrial activities such as the textile and food. Also developed heavy industry, petrochemical, steel and metal industry (areas controlled by the state that would need funding to expand and modernize infrastructure). The tourism sector, the construction of machine tools, the processing sector, the sector of the assembly of the cars are on the increase. The country is rich in mineral resources such as copper, coal, lignite, bauxite, boron and chromium which must be properly exploited. The majority of the working population is engaged in agriculture, there are crops of wheat, potatoes, legumes, fruits, sunflower seeds, olives, fruits, sugar beets, tobacco, cotton, and is also practiced the breeding of cattle, sheep , goats and sheep, to obtain the wool used for the manufacture of carpets that feeds an important artisan tradition.

When you go to Turkey

On the Black Sea coast, the climate is mild and rainy throughout the year; on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea the bathing season runs from April to October, pleasing are the months of May / June and September / October, also ideal for visiting the cities of the coast. To visit the central regions are preferred spring and summer months. To the east of the country are the best months from mid-May to September.

Travel Documents

Foreigners wishing to enter Turkey should carry a travel document (passport) with an expiration date at least 60 days beyond the “duration of stay” of their visa, e-Visa, visa exemption, or residence permit.


Calling Code: 0090


Supply electricity is 220 V 50 Hz


The Turkish Lira (TRY) is the official currency of Turkey.