United Kingdom: journey to discover the island state
Guide United Kingdom, states and islands that comprise it, the history of the flag with the crosses and things to know for holidays and travel.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is an island nation located in Western Europe, consists of four constituent nations; England, Wales, Scotland, which together form the Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Its capital is London. The Northern Ireland Eire borders to the west and south, while the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, south-west and north-west, the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south, the Irish Sea west.
They are part of the United Kingdom also several smaller islands, including the Isle of Wight, Orkney, the Hebrides, the Shetland Islands, and others. Dependent on the British Crown but not part of the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man, in the Irish Sea and the Channel Islands (or the Channel Islands), which are located in the English Channel.
The United Kingdom also belong to several overseas territories, joints inherited from the old British Empire, which gave rise to the Commonwealth of Nations, where representatives of all the countries that were subjects in various ways to the authority of the British crown.
The flag of the United Kingdom, Union Flag, commonly called the Union Jack, dates back to 1801, when the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland merged to form the United Kingdom. There was then added saltire red, symbol of the order of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, on the drawing which already represented England with the cross of St. George in red, and Scotland with the cross of St. Andrew in white.