United States: tips for travel and holidays, things to know

Guide United States, information on climate, when to go, how to get, documents and things to know for travel and vacation in the US.

United States in brief

  • Capital: Washington
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 9372614
  • Population: 300,000,000 (2006)
  • Religion: Protestant majority, Catholic, Jewish, Orthodox and other religions.

Where are the United States

The US border with Canada to the north, to the south with Mexico. flag united states The coasts are bathed by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, west and south by the Pacific Ocean from the Gulf of Mexico. They are part of the US also Alaska and Hawaii. Alaska, in fact, occupies the north western part of the North American continent and is bordered to the south-east with Canada, and is bathed in the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Bering Sea, to the south by the Pacific Ocean. The Hawaiian Islands are in the Pacific Ocean at 5000 km. ca. the coasts of the United States. In addition to the 50 states that form the federation of the United States and the District of Columbia (Washington) seat of the federal government, the US also depend on several territories in the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean, including the state of Puerto Rico.

The territory of the United States can be so ‘divided: on the east coast are the coastal plains of the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico; always on this side running north to south the Appalachian Mountains, west of which lie the Plains Internal occupying more than a third of the territory of the United States and also include the basin of the Mississippi River and its tributaries. East of the Mississippi are green grasslands and wetlands that contrast with the ground formed in most of the debris from the Rocky Mountains, stretching west of the river. In fact these Inner Plains are bounded to the west by another mountainous region, formed by three longitudinal bundles of reliefs separated by wide valleys, plateaus and deep depressions that come near the coast of the Pacific Ocean. Of these mountain ranges that we encounter the first proceeding from east to west is the Rocky Mountains (with peaks over 4000 m.).

Between this chain and other chains of the Falls and the Sierra Nevada covers the region of the Great Basin that in ancient times was covered by large lakes; remain today the Great Salt Lake and some smaller lakes, all brackish, due to strong evaporation. In cases where the process of drying has already occurred remains a desert encrusted salt, such as depression (85m. Below the sea level) of Death Valley. The Great Basin is bordered on the north and south from the plateau of Columbia from that of Colorado. The Colorado Plateau is a desert plateau of limestone cliffs cut by deep gorges carved by rivers. For uniqueness and beauty of the landscape, the gorge of the Grand Canyon, is the most popular, (1800 m. Below the level of the plateau there flows the Colorado River). Among the Cascade Range, the Sierra Nevada and the Coast Range (recent surveys near the coast) opens the Great Valley of California where the rivers Sacramento and San Joaquin that by meeting almost in the center of the valley flow into the sea in the Bay of San Francisco.

Hydrography United States

From the Appalachian Mountains down the Hudson River, empties into the Bay of New York and is an important road river. Other major rivers that originate from the Appalachians and flow into the Atlantic Ocean are the Potomac and Delaware. Instead the Colorado River arises from the Rocky Mountains and empties into the Pacific Ocean, the Gulf of California, in Mexican territory; also flow into the Pacific rivers Sacramento (and pay them tribute just before the mouth of the San Joaquine) and Columbia, while the Rio Grande that was founded on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains flows into the Gulf of Mexico, after scoring for a long stretch the border between the US and Mexico. In the Gulf of Mexico also leads the main river in the United States, the Mississippi River, which fed by numerous tributaries including Missouri, Ohio (pay them tribute Tennessee), the Arkansas and Red River, form a huge catchment area . The most important lakes for extension and for economic reasons, are located in the north of the country on the border with Canada and are called the Great Lakes or Lake Laurentian (because connected to the Atlantic Ocean by an emissary, the St. Lawrence River). These lakes are: Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, Lake Ontario, Lake Michigan only belongs entirely to the United States, others are split between the United States and Canada.

Climate United States

The territory of the United States is all included in the temperate zone (excluding part of Alaska); but because of the vastness of the territory, the distance of the ocean from the most interior of the country and the disposition of the mountain ranges, the United States, the climate is very varied. The reliefs that run from north to south parallel to the coast hindering the moderating influence of the sea and leave the flat regions internal, open to the currents of cold polar air from Canada and the currents of warm tropical air coming up from the Gulf of Mexico. In Chicago, the climate has continental features with cold winters. New York located on the sea and on the same latitude of Naples has cold winters, as affected by the cold currents polar. In San Francisco (State of California), the winter is mild and rainy while summers are quite cool and foggy. In Death Valley (State of California) temperatures are reached among the highest in the world. In Florida, the climate is warm and humid, and there is a subtropical vegetation. In New Orleans in Louisiana climate is warm and humid; the cyclone season covers the months from June to September. In Alaska the climate is harsh; only in the months of June, July, August, the weather is temperate.

Population of the United States of America

The majority of the US population is made up of descendants of European immigrants, especially Anglo-Saxons, who have greatly influenced the culture and mentality of the country. In addition to the Europeans, including many Italians, there are groups of African descent, Asian and a small percentage of Native Americans. Today in the US immigrants come largely from Mexico and Latin America.

Timezone United States

In the US there are six time zones.
– In the eastern Atlantic, which includes the states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Delaware, Maryland, District of Columbia, Indiana, Michigan, Kentucky (eastern part of the state), Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, the time is 6 hours behind Italy.

– In the central region which includes the states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Nebraska, Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, Kentucky (western part of the state), Tennessee, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Louisiana, Alabama and Mississippi , time is 7 hours behind Italy.

– In the Mountain region that includes the states of Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, Idaho, Arizona, and the time is eight hours behind Italy.

– In the Western Pacific region that includes the states of Washington, Oregon, Nevada, California, and the time is 9 hours behind Italy.

-In Alaska time is 10 hours behind Italy and the Hawaiian Islands in less than 11 hours. Daylight saving time comes into force in April until the end of October.

Spoken language in the United States

In the US, the language spoken is English. In some areas it is also spoken Spanish.

US economy

Political and social factors combined with the wealth of natural resources, due to the vastness of the territory, helping to make the US a world economic power. Agriculture based on high productivity and specialization takes a fraction of the population and reach the first places in the world in many areas. The highly competitive industry uses advanced technologies, employs ca. 21% of the population, and is present mainly in the sectors: electronics (computers, televisions, hi-fi), mechanical (are major producers of cars and even aerospace vehicles), chemical, food, iron and steel industry, the rubber processing and tire, paper, graphics and publishing industry, textile, fashion and film. The national income is produced predominantly (about 75% of the employed population), by the services sector.

When you go to the US

Every season is suitable for visiting the United States even if the choice of the period depends on the type of holiday you want to do, because this vast country there are marked differences in climate. The northern states (New England) and also the Rockies are suitable places, in the winter months, for those who practice winter sports, but they are also very beautiful in the other seasons. To enjoy the beaches and the nature of Florida best months are those winter and spring. The summer, although high tourist season, it is especially hot in states that are located in the south west of the country: New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, Nevada.