Ustica holidays visit the marine reserve of the island in a day
What to see and what to do in Ustica, visit the island in one day, history and volcanic origins of marine nature reserve off the coast of Sicily.
Ustica is situated in the Tyrrhenian Sea, about 67 km northwest of Palermo. The sea that surrounds it, the uniqueness’ of the underwater environment and for its archaeological wealth, is a nature reserve protected marine. The island of Ustica is of volcanic origin and corresponds to the emerged part of a submarine volcano.
The volcanic nature of Ustica, characterized by black lava cliffs and steep rugged coastline, is reflected in the area that is divided into three large natural terraces. At the center of the island rise ancient volcanic cones of Monte Guardia dei Turchi (248 m.), The Costa del Monte Fallo (234 m.) And in the north east, overlooking the sea, the promontory of Falconiera (175 m .).
What to see in Ustica
Despite the name derives from the Latin Ustum Ustica, meaning burnt, the island of Ustica has a landscape made up of various species of plants and crops of lentils, vines, olive trees, citrus trees and prickly pears.
The island of Ustica was inhabited since the Palaeolithic and the various archaeological remains found on land and in the seabed testify to the passage of the ancient peoples of the Mediterranean, the Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians and Romans. After the fall of the Roman Empire and a period of neglect settled there in the sixth century. Benedictine monks, but because of the continuous raids by pirates, were forced to abandon the island.
In the second half of 1700, at the time of the Bourbons, were built two towers, fortifications, cisterns and houses that formed the first town in Cala Santa Maria and which served to accommodate families of settlers and fishermen from the islands Aeolian and some craftsman from Trapani and Palermo.
What to do in Ustica
The island of Ustica offers the opportunity ‘to make excursions into nature both on land and at sea. Routes that are very interesting archaeological Rocca Falconiera and the panoramic Monte Guardia to the Turks, the highest point on the island.
You can admire the quaint coastal environment through the paths of underwater surface to the Blue Grotto, the Grotto Pastizza and dell’ Accademia, the Green Cave, Cala Sidoti, Pool Cape Natural Cavazzi, the Grotto of the boats, in Cala Madonna, the Carruggio, the Faraglioni and the Cave of Gold.