Uzbekistan holidays travel guide, when to go, climate
Guide Uzbekistan, travel tips and useful information about things to know before you go in the state of Central Asia.
Uzbekistan in brief
- Capital: Tashkent
- Surface area in sq km: 447 400
- Population: 28,095,900
- Religion: Majority Sunni Muslim, Orthodox minority and other Muslim minorities.
Where is Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan, a state in Central Asia, is a presidential republic became independent after the dissolution of the USSR. Landlocked sea, bordered to the north and west with Kazakhstan, east with Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to the south with Afghanistan and Turkmenistan. Its territory is occupied in most of the lowland plains Turanic, consisting of steppe and wide sandy beaches. In the northwestern part of the country of relaxes the Kyzylkum desert, while the eastern and north-east is occupied by the furthest reaches of the chain of the Tian Shan and Pamir plateau, where born the major rivers running through Uzbekistan, very useful for irrigation of fertile land along their rivers and the slopes of these mountains, natural features that make these among the most densely populated areas of the country.
On border between Uzbekistan (in the territory of the autonomous republic of Karakalpakstan) and Kazakhstan is the Aral Sea, a salt lake of oceanic origin which receives the waters of the rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya, the main waterways of the country. Unfortunately, the size of the lake has shrunk dramatically since the war, as a private water flow from its tributaries, used for irrigation of desert areas intended for intensive production of cotton. This intervention on nature, currently the subject of any recovery attempt, caused considerable damage to the environment and population.
The climate of Uzbekistan is continental, characterized by remarkable night temperatures and a lot of diversity in the desert areas and in the mountains. Winters are short (December to February) with average temperatures ranging from -6 to 2 ° C (January); summers are long hot with average temperatures ranging from 26 to 32 ° C (July). Rainfall is scarce, concentrated in spring (March-April) and autumn (October-November).
The population consists mostly of Uzbeks (78.3%) and minorities of Tajiks, Kazakhs, Tatars, Russians, caralpachi, Korean, Kyrgyz, and others.
UTC/GMT +5 hours
Uzbek is the official language of Uzbekistan.
The economic situation in Uzbekistan, despite the independence obtained at the time by the Soviet Union, is still linked to a system of planned economy heavily controlled by the government. The agricultural sector is very important and employs about a third of the active population. The main crop is cotton from which the country is one of the world’s largest producers. Also in the primary sector is also important breeding, especially sheep. The subsoil of the country is rich in deposits of coal, oil, natural gas and can count on substantial mineral resources such as gold, silver, copper and other metals. Do not underestimate the historical, artistic and archaeological heritage of Uzbekistan, in antiquity crossed by the legendary Silk Road, to which are linked the ancient cities of Samarkand and Bukhara, fascinating tourist destinations.
When to go to Uzbekistan
The best time to visit Uzbekistan is spring (late March to June) and autumn (September to mid-November).
To enter Uzbekistan are required:
– a passport valid for the duration of stay, that must have at least one blank page to affix the visa.
– Copy of the letter of invitation, except for citizens of the Great Britain, USA, Austria, Belgium, Germany, Italy, France, Japan, Spain, Chech Republic and Switzerland.
– If your stay in Uzbekistan exceeds 3 days, you are required to register with the Local Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs within 3 working days after arrival. However if you stay in a hotel, the hotel administration should take care of such registration on your behalf automatically.
Calling Code: 00998
Supply electricity is 220V-50Hz.
The Sum (or som) is the official currency of Uzbekistan.