Venezuela holidays and useful guide for the journey


Guide Venezuela, information concerning all things to know for travel or vacation in the state of South America with the capital Caracas.

Venezuela in brief

  • Capital: Caracas
  • Surface area in sq km: 912 050
  • Population: 25,730,435 (2006)
  • Religion: Predominantly Catholic

Where is Venezuela

Venezuela is wet on the north by the Caribbean Sea, northeast from the Atlantic Ocean and is bordered to the west with Colombia, with Brazil to the south, east with Guyana.

Geography and territory Venezuela

The Territory is made up of three regions:

– In the northern region are the furthest reaches of the Andean system, consisting of the Sierra de Perija and the Cordillera of Mérida, (Pico Bolivar, 5007 m). Between the two reliefs opens depression of Maracaibo, occupied by swampy basin of the lake of the same name, connected to the Caribbean Sea by a close.

– The central region is a vast area of plains (called Los Llanos) dall’Orinoco furrowed, the longest river in the country, which flows on the northeast coast, in the Atlantic Ocean, with a delta formed by many offshoots.

– The southern region consists of the plank of Guyana, covered by dense forests and savannah areas. In the north eastern part of this region is the Gran Sabana, a grassy plateau formed by peaks from the top flat (tepuyes), from very ancient geological point of view: the erosion of the time were formed deep canyons, which have distanced these rock formations and allowed changes independent of flora and fauna, including a top and the other. In this area, in the Canaima National Park, the numerous rivers form towering waterfalls such as Angel Falls, which with about 1,000 meters waterfall is a natural wonder.

Venezuela belong to many islands that lie off its coast, the most important is the island Margarita, and the National Park Los Roques, an archipelago from the white sandy beaches and crystal clear water.

Hydrography Venezuela

The main river of Venezuela is the Orinoco, was born on the southern edge of the village and flows into the Atlantic Ocean, on the way enriched by numerous tributaries, including the Rio Apure, the Rio Meta, the Rio Arauca, the Rio Caroni, the Rio Atabapo, the Rio Sipapo. Note that the Venezuelan rivers differ in a variety of shades ranging from light gray, yellow, dark brown and black, since various factors, including the season, the climate, the soil, the vegetation on the banks, the condition color of their waters. In the northern part of the country lies Lake Maracaibo, connected through a channel with the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Venezuela.

Climate Venezuela

The climate of the coastal plain area of ​​the islands and has high temperatures and modest rainfall. In the mountainous region of the Cordillera increased precipitation and atmospheric moisture, while the temperature decreases. In the upper parts, the weather is cold. In the region of the Llanos the weather is warm with precipitation concentrated in the months from May to November. In the region of the plateau of Guyana, the climate is tropical and southern equatorial rainfall assumes characteristics regardless of the period.

Population of Venezuela

Most of the population are mestizos and mulattos (the result of unions between European race, indigenous and African). The remainder is made up of whites, blacks and Indians.

Time Zone Venezuela

Venezuela must move the clock 5.30 hours behind Italy, (6.30 hours back in Italy when there is daylight saving time).

Language spoken in Venezuela

The official language of Venezuela is Spanish. Many indigenous languages ​​are also spoken.

Economics Venezuela

The economic potential of Venezuela is the presence of large oil fields, which make this country one of the leading oil producers in the world. Most of the revenues from the state oil company are given as subsidies to the most needy, as the majority of the population of this country is poor. The concentration on the production of oil has bound the other sectors of production, and also agriculture, which was once the base of the economy, was penalized. Keep in mind that are in place political and social changes.

When to go to Venezuela

The regions of the coast and islands of Venezuela are open throughout the year. To visit the other regions is preferred the dry season which runs from December to April, although for some destinations such as the Angel Falls is recommended the rainy season. Keep in mind, for bookings of travel, that there is more crowded during the Christmas Holidays, Easter and Carnival, as Venezuelans traveling to visit family and friends in these periods.

Documents required travel Venezuela

To visit Venezuela requires a passport valid for at least six months from the date of arrival in the country. The visa is not necessary for a period less than 90 days of stay for tourism. E ‘request the compilation of the tourist card, which is issued by the airlines.

Phone Venezuela

– The international code for calls to Venezuela: 0058

Electricity Venezuela

The electric current in Venezuela is 110 volts, so you need a power adapter.

Money and credit card in Venezuela

The official currency is the Venezuelan bolivar (VEB). The American dollars, credit cards American Express, Master Card, Visa are accepted and recently the euro, but at a less favorable exchange rate compared to the dollar.

Vaccinations Venezuela

To enter Venezuela is not mandatory no vaccination. The vaccine against yellow fever is not required of those who come from Italy, but it is recommended to those who want to explore the country.

Recommended vaccinations
– Hepatitis A and B
– Anti typhoid
– Malaria prophylaxis

And ‘recommended to drink only bottled water, do not add ice to drinks and avoid vegetables and raw foods.

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