Venice in two days: what to see, attractions, places to visit
What to see in Venice in two days, attractions and places to visit in this city of Veneto, route of the main monuments not to be missed.
Venice is a city of unique beauty from the Veneto, with its lagoon and placed in the sea where the land is there but is hidden, a flagship for Italy in the world. How much history between these islands, canals, bridges and squares! Located at the center of the lagoon, along the coast of the Adriatic Sea, Venice stretches across 118 small islands separated by canals and connected by bridges. The city receives a large influx of tourists due to its uniqueness and beauty.
Venice is Declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO, and is divided into six districts: San Marco, Castello, Cannaregio, San Polo, Santa Croce, Dorsoduro. To see Grand Canal, St. Mark’s Square, St. Mark’s Cathedral, St.Mark’s campanile, Palazzo Ducale, S. Maria Della Salute Church, St. Mary of the Friars Church, San Giorgio Maggiore Church, Santa Maria dei Miracoli Church, Saints Giovanni e Paolo
Cathedral, Teatro La Fenice, Palazzo Grassi, Palazzo Papadopoli, Bridge of Sighs, Rialto Bridge and Clock Tower.
Places to visit in Venice
Piazza San Marco
– The San Marco district is the heart of the city, where there is Piazza San Marco, the only square in Venice, as the other spaces in the shape of the square are called fields. The square has an almost rectangular, has the background the Basilica of San Marco, with isolated bell tower, and consists of three parts:
– The square itself, corresponding to the space in front of the Basilica enclosed by old Procuratie (flanked to the east by the clock tower), the Sighs and the Napoleonic Wing, a building added in 1810, joining the two Procuratie, on the smaller side of the square.
– The San Marco square in front of the Palazzo Ducale and the Sansovino Library, opens on the dock of San Marco with the two columns placed at the shore, on which are the statues of the lion of San Marco and San Todaro (first patron of the city ).
-The Piazzetta dei Leoncini located to the left of the Basilica, in front of the Patriarchal Palace, characterized by two statues of lions crouching delimiting the raised central portion.
– The Basilica of San Marco is one of the most important symbols of the history of this city. E ‘was founded in sec. IX to house the body of St Mark, taken away from Alexandria. The complex and articulated structure, the characteristic profile Byzantine, reflecting the different stages of construction. Rebuilt several times, the present basilica dates back to 1094, the year of consecration. Over the centuries, the early Romanesque-Byzantine elements were added interventions Gothic and sixteenth. The Basilica has always reflected the grandeur of Venice, and has always been enriched by works of art and artifacts that the Venetians brought back from their travels to faraway places. Inside hits the wonderful decoration in gold mosaics.
– The Ducal Palace, is located near the Basilica of San Marco and is the symbol of the Republic, the home of the Doge and seat of the judiciary, is a masterpiece of Venetian Gothic architecture. It was built in the ninth century as a castle, in sec. XIV and XV assumed the current structure. At the beginning of 1600 were built, beyond the channel, the so-called new prisons. The building was connected to the palace by the Bridge of Sighs, through which the condemned passed, when the palace, the seat of the courts, they were taken to prisons. In 1797, with the fall of the Venetian Republic, the palace was no longer the seat of the prince and the magistrates, but was intended for use by the administrative offices of the Napoleonic and Habsburg empires, while the prisons, called leads, continued their function. When Venice was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy the palace suffered ‘major renovations in 1923 and was turned into a museum, the destination that still has today.
In the San Marco district is also the Teatro la Fenice, built in 1790 on a project by architect Selva, was destroyed by fire twice, in 1836 and recently in 1996. It ‘was rebuilt as it was before’ fire and opened in 2003.
Other places to visit in Venice
– The Sestiere Castello takes its name from the castle that stood there, built to defend against attacks from the sea. Here lies the great Arsenal complex. To visit the Cathedral of San Pietro di Castello, the Old Arsenal, the Church of San Francesco della Vigna, the School and San Giorgio dei Greci, the Church of San Zaccaria, the Church of Santa Maria Formosa, Palazzo Querini Stampalia The Basilica of Saints John and Paul, the Naval Museum, the San Giovanni in Bragora, the Church of the Visitation or the Pietà.
– The Cannaregio district, the etymology of the name comes from the Royal Canal, the main channel connecting the mainland, or by the presence of large areas of reed beds exist in the past. To visit the Scalzi or Gods Discalced Carmelites, the Campo and Church of San Geremia, Palazzo Labia, the Church of St. Job, the Ghetto, the Foundation and the Ormesini Mastelli Palace, the Church of the Madonna dell ‘ Orto, Palazzo Vendramin Calergi, Cà d’oro, the Oratory of Crociferi, the Church of Santa Maria dei Miracoli.
– The San Polo is the smallest district and takes its name from the large field and the Church dedicated to St. Paul the Apostle. To visit the Scuola Grande di San Rocco, the Scuola Grande di San Giovanni Evangelista, the Frari Church or Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Campo San Polo and the Church, the Church of San Giacometto, the Church of San Aponal, the Church San Cassiano, the Palace of Camerlenghi, the Rialto Bridge, The New Factories, the House of Goldoni.
– Santa Croce Sestiere, the name comes from the Monastery of the Holy Cross, which was demolished in 1810 and replaced with the Papadopoli Gardens. To visit Church San Nicolo of Tolentino church, the Church of San Simeon San Simeon prophet or the Great, the Church of Saints Simon and Jude Apostles or San Simeone Piccolo, the Campo and Church of San Zuane Degola, the Fondaco of Turks, the Church of St. James Dall’Orio, Palazzo Mocenigo, the Church of San Stae Eustace, the Ca ‘Pesaro, the Church of Santa Maria Mater Domini, Palazzo Corner della Regina.
– The Dorsoduro is named after the great and sunny pier of rafts, docked transported on large rafts timber originating from Cadore. To visit Jesuits Church, San Trovaso Church and Square, San Sebastiano Church, Angel Raphael church, San Nicolo church, Zenobio Palace, Scuola Grande dei Carmini, the Campo Santa Margherita, Ca Rezzonico, the Campo San Barnaba and the Ponte dei Pugni.
Islands and laggon Venice
To complete visit Venice can not miss a trip to the fascinating beauty of the lagoon, with its islands and its history.
– Murano island, located northeast of Venice is famous for its glass. This art development in the island at the end of the thirteenth century, when they were moved from Venice glassworks, away from the city for the implicit risk of fire. To visit the Church of Saints Mary and Donato, a masterpiece of medieval Venetian and the Church dedicated to St. Peter Martyr.
– Burano island, north-east of Venice, less than 10 km. From the bell tower of San Marco, is the island of lace, of colorful houses, fishing boats moored in the canals and dry docks that are small yards. Burano is connected by a bridge to Mazzorbo island from lonely landscape. His past today remains the Church of St. Catherine (sec. XIV), with the oldest bell in the lagoon. North of Burano is Torcello, the island that I host ‘one of the oldest settlements of the lagoon, its decline began in the fifteenth century was caused by the predominance of the nearby Venice and the change in environmental conditions. As evidence of his past were some examples of architecture as the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, the Church of Santa Fosca and the Devil’s Bridge.