Verona route to visit the city of Juliet
What to see in Verona, a journey through history to visit squares, main monuments, itinerary including places of interest to visit romantic, Square herbs Juliet’s house
Verona, Veneto town and capital of the province, is located along the banks of the Adige river about thirty kilometers from Lake Garda. The historic center of the city, rich in history and art, is listed as a Unesco World Heritage. The presence of man in the Verona area is evidenced by finds from the Neolithic period, such as the fortified village that was located on the present hill of Castel S. Pietro.
As for the peoples who inhabited the ancient Verona before the Romans, there are conflicting opinions, it is certain that around the third century BC started the first contacts between Verona and Rome, and in the course of the first century BC, after built the way Postojna which served as a link, the Romans began to transform the village into a thriving city with important monuments such as the amphitheater built in the first century. AD and today known as the Arena.
The urban layout of the city finds its origins in the Roman city. Date back to Roman times two city walls of which were part Borsari door and door Lions still exist, the forum, built at today’s Piazza delle Erbe and the sides of which were the Capitol, the basilica and various public buildings . You can still admire the Roman theater of the first century BC and the bridge over the Adige Stone, the only remaining Roman bridge in the city.
With the end of the Roman Empire, Verona was invaded first by the Goths and then the Lombards. Subsequently, with the victory of Charlemagne over the Lombards began the Carolingian Empire. For the tenth and eleventh centuries the current structure dates from the Basilica of San Zeno, one of the masterpieces of Romanesque architecture in Italy, and was rebuilt in the twelfth century, always in the Romanesque style, the Cathedral of Santa Maria Matricolare, the cathedral of Verona.
The city remained loyal to the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire during the years after the eleventh century when there was a long period of struggle for the seizure of power, until the birth of the City in 1136 and the subsequent dispute between Guelphs and Ghibellines. The Montagues, made famous by the tragedy of Romeo and Juliet by Shakespeare, were among the leading exponents of the Ghibellines and in 1223 was elected the Podesta Ghibelline Ezzelino III da Romano.
In 1259 after the death of Ezzelino the city government changed shape and passed by the City to the Lordship with the election as mayor of Mastino della Scala. Under the government of this family the city experienced a new period of splendor and importance, were hosted famous artists, such as Giotto, Petrarch and Dante Alighieri, built palaces, castles and churches.
The many buildings constructed during this period include the Palazzo del Podesta, the palace of Cansignorio, the original building remains only a tower, while the rest of the building dates back to the sixteenth century, the Castel Vecchio, the monument of the most important military Scaligera, the bridge of Castel old Gardello tower, the Arche Scala with the adjacent church of Santa Maria Antica.
After the defeat of Antonio della Scala and a short period of domination by the Visconti, in 1405 the city offered in Venice. From the fifteenth to the seventeenth century, under the Republic of Venice, there was a new artistic and cultural rebirth. Many works were entrusted to the architect Michele Sanmicheli Verona, who embellished Verona’s many palaces, and on behalf of the Serenissima, was responsible for the construction of the entrance gates to the city.
Venetian era are, Canossa palace, palace Pompeii, Bevilacqua palace, Palazzo Della Torre, palace Turks and other buildings, located respectively in the Piazza dei Signori and Piazza Erbe, as the loggia of the Council and the palace Maffei.
In 1796 Napoleon’s troops made their entrance into the city, and one year later Napoleon, with the Treaty of Campo Formio, ceded Verona to the Austrians, who took control until 1866, except for a short period when Verona became part the Kingdom of Italy.
Under Habsburg rule were built various fortifications, since the city was located in a strategically important. In 1866, with the conquest of the Veneto by Savoy, the Austrians abbandorano the city, which thus became part of the Kingdom of Italy.
During visit of Verona, we can not exclude a stop at the House of Juliet with the famous balcony. The building dates back to the thirteenth century and was long owned by the Cappello family. The surname was made to coincide with that of belonging to Juliet Capulet, the protagonist of Shakespeare’s tragedy.