Vienna: what to see in the capital of Austria in three days
What to see in Vienna, attractions and main monuments, itinerary of places of interest to visit,
among which St. Stephen’s Cathedral, Grinzing.
Vienna, capital of Austria and the federal state, is located in the north-east of the country. The city is crossed by the Danube in the peripheral zone, while the central part is bordered by a small canal, the Danube Canal. When, in what is today Vienna, around 100 AD, the Romans founded a military camp which they called Vindobona, the place was already an important trading post Celtic. The Roman settlement grew to become, in the third and fourth centuries, a real city.
Vindobona was later conquered by various peoples who wanted to enter in Europe, until the year 976 when the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, Otto I, Vienna donated to Babenberg dynasty and the city took its current name Wien. In 1278 Vienna was taken over by the Habsburgs, who remained in power until 1918. For a certain period of time, from 1485 to 1493, Vienna was under the domination of Matthias Corvinus, king of Hungary, and twice was besieged by ‘turkish army, in 1529 and in 1683.
During the sixteenth century, the Protestant Reformation and the subsequent Counter, Vienna was the center of religious wars and, in the seventeenth century, was devastated by a terrible plague. Despite these tragic events, the city since the eighteenth century, enjoyed a period of great flourishing and urban revival, was built the Karlskirche, the Belvedere palaces, residences of nobles around the ‘Hofburg.
In 1740 the Empress Maria Theresa of Austria moved the imperial residence in Schönbrunn Palace, built by her on the outskirts of Vienna, and helped to make the city a center of artistic musical tier. In the early nineteenth century the city was occupied for two short periods by Napoleon’s army, which caused changes in Europe. After these events was held in Vienna on Congress that enacted the new division of post-Napoleonic. From the nineteenth to the twentieth century, the sovereign Francis Joseph tore down the walls already partially destroyed by Napoleon and built in their place the Ringstrasse boulevard surrounding the city ring, still the main artery of the city.
In these years in Vienna opened the prestigious Opera House, with the performance of Mozart’s Don Giovanni. In the early years of the twentieth century, the city fell into the expansionist ambitions of Hitler and shared its fate, was released in 1945 and for ten years he remained under the control of the victorious powers, who retired in 1955. Today Vienna is a city very visited by international tourism, is a brilliant cultural center, can count on an extraordinary artistic heritage and many green areas, the main places to visit can also be seen on a vacation of a few days with an itinerary organized.
What to see in Vienna in 3 days
– St. Stephen’s Cathedral: St. Stephen’s Cathedral in the Gothic style is one of the symbols of the city. The origins of the present structure dates back to a Romanesque church plant built in 1147. Additional buildings were made in the thirteenth century, and between the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, when the church took on its present Gothic form, successive additions were made by the Habsburgs.
– Is the Hofburg Imperial Palace, a structure formed by a complex of buildings, whose original nucleus dates back to a fortress built around 1275, developed over the centuries in various architectural styles, as each sovereign was to add new buildings.
– Schoenbrunn Palace: beautiful imperial residence out of town, surrounded by a large park. In the second part of the sixteenth century, the area where today stands the palace, was a hunting reserve of Emperor Maximilian II. The building which was located in the estate was destroyed by the Turks in 1683, then in 1687 Leopold I did make a new residence on the model of Versailles and, although the original idea was resized, the central part was built between 1696 and 1700 but the death of Joseph I the work stopped, was the daughter of Maria Theresa of Austria to make a new project, completing the work.
– Belvedere Palace is a complex built by Prince Eugene of Savoy, divided into two buildings, the Upper Belvedere and the Lower Belvedere, separated by a Baroque garden full of fountains. Inside buildings is the Osterreichische Galerie Belvedere, one of the most important art museums in Vienna, which houses the works of the master of the Secession Gustav Klimt.
– Danube Tower is a tower 252 meters high from which to enjoy an excellent view panoramic views over Vienna.
– Grinzing: village famous for Heurigen, new wine types, and the rustic inns, where in summer you can eat outdoors in the company of excellent wine and live music by musicians who improvise also reasons requested by the public, a ideal for evenings full of joy.