Vietnam holiday travel guide, information, documents
Vietnam travel guide, things to know for holidays in this state, the best times to go, how to get there and what to see in Hanoi.
Vietnam in brief
- Capital: Hanoi
- surface area in sq km: 331 689
- Population: 88.O68.900
- Religion: The majority of Buddhism followed by Taoism, Confucianism and Christianity.
Where is Vietnam
Vietnam is located in Southeast Asia in the Indochinese peninsula. It is bordered to the north by China, on the west by Laos and Cambodia, to the east and south is washed by the South China Sea to the south west for a short distance overlooks the Gulf of Siam. The territory of narrow and elongated, mostly occupied by hills and mountains covered with thick vegetation, includes two great plains; the plain of Tonkin, open on the gulf of the same name and crossed by the Red River to the north and the plains of Cochin China occupied largely by the Mekong River to the south. To the north the border with China is marked by the mountains of Yunnan, with peaks over 3000 meters above sea level. This mountain range to the east reaches the Gulf of Tonkin will lower over 1000 meters and continues into the sea, forming numerous islets, Westward is lowered until the formation of the chain Annamitica going down in north-south direction, marking the border with Laos. The surveys are continuing, widen with a series of massive discontinuous, then descend to the highlands Moi and exhausted in the vast plains of Cochin China.
The territory of Vietnam can be divided into two parts, the northern part is characterized by plateaus that includes the mouth of the Red River delta and the southern part which includes various depressions near the coastline with the mountains Day Trung Son and the delta Mekong River. In the south is a lush rain forest, where they find their ideal environment ginkgo, pine, azalea, camellia, laurel, magnolia trees and bamboo. In the northern regions there is prevalence of forests of oak, ash, elm, maple, linden, birch and taiga. In the east there are the steppes characterized by shrubs that do not fear drought and grasses while areas at higher altitude Tibetan Plateau prevails tundra.
The main rivers of Vietnam are the Red River and the Mekong River. The Red River is born on the highland Chinese Yunnan, flows in the Chinese territory before entering Vietnam where it crosses the region of Tonkin, passes through the capital Hanoi and flows into the Gulf of Tonkin. Its main tributaries are the Clear River and the Black River. The Mekong River is one of the largest in Asia, was born from the plateau of Tibet and before crossing the territory of Vietnam and emptying into the South China Sea, flows in the Chinese province Yunnan, in Myanmar, in Thailand, Laos and Cambodia.
The climate of Vietnam is influenced by the regime Monsoon, and for the extension in latitude of the country is characterized by a climatic difference in its various parts, considering the presence of the reliefs. To the north are two seasons: the summer-autumn period, moist heat, which runs from May to October, and the winter-spring season, from November to April, characterized by a dry, temperate climate, with the exception of the region of Tonkin where are formed cyclonic limited areas which determine the feeble precipitation, but of long duration. Proceeding south temperatures rise and it is warm all year round. In the southern part of the country the dry season, from December to April, alternating with the wet season, from May to November. Typhoons may occur on the coast during the summer months, starting from June to July on the northern coast, then on the central coast around August, and in the period from September to November on the southern coasts.
The majority of the population is Vietnamese, divided into various ethnic groups. The remainder consists of a small minority of Chinese, Khmer and Cham, as well as other ethno-linguistic groups called Montagnards, mountaineers in French.
UTC/GMT +7 hours
Vietnamese (Kinh) is the official language of Vietnam.
The ordering of the state is a Constitutional Republic.
In the recent past the economic structure of Vietnam has undergone significant transformations. The government and people have made considerable efforts to improve economic and social conditions of the country, focusing on the sector of industry and services with the establishment of new small businesses and encouraging foreign investment. However, the country remains essentially agricultural, is the first places in the ranking of manufacturers and exporters of rice.
When you go to Vietnam
The best months to visit North Vietnam are November and April, the beginning and the end of the winter season. To visit the south of the country the best period is from December to April. The months of September, October and November are to avoid, may occur typhoons. Between late January and early February we celebrate the New Year Ted, during this period, many shops are closed for holidays, there is much crowding in hotels and is more difficult to move.
– Passport validity six months with one page blank for entry stamp.
Calling Code: 0084
Supply electricity is 220 V 50 Hz
Dong is the official currency in Vietnam.
What to see in Hanoi
Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, is located on the right bank of the Red River about 130 km from the mouth located in the Gulf of Tonkin. The main places to visit in Hanoi are the Lake of the Restored Sword, the pagoda in a single pillar, the mausoleum of Ho Chi Minh City where the embalmed body of the President, the Ba Da Pagoda and the Temple of Literature Van Mieu.