Vilnius: what to see, places to visit in the medieval town
What to see in Vilnius, attractions and travel to the places to visit in this medieval city of Lithuania with monuments and interesting places.
Vilnius is the capital of Lithuania, it is located in the southeast of the country at the confluence of the rivers Neris and Vilnia. Its historic center, the medieval structure, has retained despite the partial destruction suffered over the centuries, a harmonious complex of buildings in different architectural styles, this is one of the reasons why it is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage.
Cathedral Square in Vilnius
The historic heart of the city’s Cathedral Square where the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity and the Saints Stanislaus and Ladislao, neoclassical, whose crypt were buried many characters (nobles, dukes and bishops), who made the history of Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Inside the church is of great interest is the Chapel of St. Casimir. In front of the Cathedral is located the bell tower that was once part of the old defensive walls of Vilnius, later converted into a bell tower. Behind the cathedral stands the castle less than or Royal Palace (XVI century), rebuilt after the destruction of 1800.
Places to visit in Vilnius
In the surrounding area, on the hill was built the Upper Castle destroyed in the seventeenth century during the war with Russia, has survived the western tower, known as the Gediminas Tower houses a museum and a symbol, along with the Cathedral of Vilnius.
In the historical center of Vilnius is also the University, a complex of buildings in various architectural styles. Founded in 1579 is one of the oldest universities in Eastern Europe, its library preserves ancient writings, rare prints and prestigious collections. It was the most important scientific and cultural center of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
Churches of Vilnius
Among the beautiful churches of the city stand out St. Anne’s Church , a masterpiece of Gothic architecture, the Church of San Francesco and San Bernardino, originally Gothic, successive renovations have added elements of Renaissance and Baroque architecture, the Basilica of St. Peter and Paul, Baroque presents masterpieces of Italian art and Lithuania, the Church of the Holy Spirit with the adjoining monastery, is the most important Orthodox Church of Lithuania, in the Baroque style, the interior is rococo.
Gates of Dawn Vilnius
Vilnius was part of the ancient fortification of the Gates of Dawn, one of the doors that once opened in the walls. Next to this port is a chapel that houses an effigy of the Virgin Mary Mother of Mercy, the object of great devotion and pilgrimage destination. The Discalced Carmelites, in the years 1633-1654, they built together with the Chapel of the Gates of Dawn, the Church of St. Teresa of Avila.
At about 30 km from Vilnius is the town of Trakai, picturesque surroundings, was the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the residence of the Grand Duke, on the island located in the middle of Lake Galve, is the castle of the fourteenth century.