Vivara tourism: visit the island in the state nature reserve

Visit the island of Vivara, traveling in the scenario of the nature reserve of the same name, among flowers, animals, landscapes and archaeological remains of extraordinary beauty.

Vivara in brief

The island or island of Vivara is located at the north west of the Gulf of Naples in Campania, not far from Ischia and connected by a pedestrian bridge in Procida. Vivara was named State Natural Reserve to protect the beauty of its nature, its value botanical, faunal, archaeological and landscape.

The territory of the island reaches its maximum height, 110 meters above sea level, in the central part, gently slopes to the north and south, and it is very steep and precipitous on the western side and on the east. The coast is, except for a few points, inaccessible from the sea. Extreme north, facing Procida is pointing Capital, the extreme south is pointing South.

Punta d’Alaca west faces the highest point ‘close the Strait of Ischia, while La Carcara is the name of the east coast. From the geological point of view, Vivara is an island is of volcanic origin, its semicircular shape represents the western margin of the original volcanic crater now submerged, bordered in the east by the promontory of Santa Margherita in the island of Procida.

The bottom of the crater and ‘occupied by the Gulf of Genito, the stretch of sea that separates the island of Procida to that of Vivara. From an archaeological excavations at Punta Mezzogiorno have unearthed materials dating back to a settlement of the first phase of the age ‘of the Bronze Age, which is the settlement more’ ancient island.

A Punta d’Alaca were identified remains dated between the second half ‘of the sixteenth century. BC and the first half ‘of the fourteenth century. BC, also underwater research in the Gulf of Genito revealed traces of population, sunk around the end of the same period to about 10 meters depth ‘, probably because of bradyseism fact in prehistoric times the Gulf of Genito was an expanse of sand and pebbles totally emerged that linked the area of ​​Santa Margherita di Procida with the area of ​​the crater Vivarais, and was a landing point of the island.

For the Romans, the island was a place of hunting and the waters of the Gulf of Genito a fish hatchery. In 1634 he went hunting on the island and in 1681 was built on the highest point ‘top Vivara a villa and some farm buildings. Toward the goal ‘of the eighteenth century, King Charles III of Naples, made his Vivara a hunting reserve.

Vivara in 1818 was sold as public property to the City of Procida, then step ‘in private hands through earthworks introduced cultivation of vineyards and olive groves. In 1940 the property ‘of the island was left to the Hospital of Procida, the current owner. In 1974 the island was declared a Natural Protection Oasis of the Campania region, its territory was subsequently subjected to archaeological restrictions. Since 2002 Vivara and ‘become State Nature Reserve and Site of Community Importance.