Warsaw: what to see in the capital of Poland

lazienki palace warsaw
lazienki palace warsaw

What to see in Warsaw, the monuments and major attractions, recommended itinerary of places of interest to visit in the old town, from the Royal Castle to the Palace on the water.

Travel Guide Warsaw

Warsaw, capital of Poland crossed the Vistula River, presents itself as a modern city, a metropolis characterized by questionable architecture of socialist realism and an old part to its former glory. In fact, the history of the city, began in the thirteenth century with the construction of the first unit next to the first castle of the Dukes of Mazovia, has been marked by periods of prosperity and development and tragic periods, such as the almost total destruction caused by the Nazis later the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, the majority of houses, churches and palaces of the old town, then meticulously rebuilt with original materials respecting their ancient forms.

The old town of Warsaw, UNESCO World Heritage Site, offers the visitor attractions to visit. At the entrance is the Castle Square, closed on the east side from the Royal Castle, which dates back to the fourteenth century. Was chosen as a royal residence by King Sigismund III Wasa, when in 1596 it became the capital of Poland and Warsaw, between the end of the sixteenth century and the beginning of the seventeenth century, the castle was restored by Italian architects. After the dramatic destruction of 1944, in 1971 began the reconstruction work that was completed in 1988.

What to visit in Warsaw

In the square is the column with the original statue dedicated to King Sigismund III Wasa, erected in 1644. At the south side of the castle stands the baroque palace Pod Blacha, called the palace because he has the tin roof of this material, which is home to part of the collections of the Royal Castle. The old town is crossed by a network of alleys and streets, including street Piwna with the Church of San Martino and the street Swietojanska, overlooked by the Cathedral of St. John and the Jesuit church of St. Mary of Mercy, the road leads in the market square, the heart of the old city.

The main avenue of Warsaw is the royal road that goes from the Royal Castle to the residence of Wilanow. Along the first stretch of the avenue are the Palace of the President of the Republic, the Church of St. Anne, a statue of Nicolaus Copernicus, the Church of the Holy Cross, which keeps inside an urn with the heart of Chopin, the monument to the national poet Adam Mickiewicz, the university city, from here starts Ulica Nowy Swiat street that is lined with ancient buildings, is among the most beautiful in the city, going to get to the park Lazienki, a very charming place where in summer is played live music of Chopin, the great Polish composer and pianist of which, about 50 km. from Warsaw, you can visit the birthplace.

In the park you can admire the Lazienki Palace, Baroque called neoclassical palace on the water, inside the spas are real, lazienki means the bathroom, a place devoted in the past to the relaxation and rest. On an island, in the artificial lake in the middle of the park, there is the theater. Another royal residence to see is the Wilanow Palace, a magnificent complex of palaces and gardens, a precious example of Baroque architecture Polish and important testimony of the splendor of Poland’s past. We should also mention the Saxon Garden, with the monument to the unknown soldier at the entrance and the ritual of the changing of the guard. In the place where he was the ‘old Ghetto, in memory of the atrocities committed, were placed various monuments that mark the path of memory.