Zagreb what to see: visit the capital of Croatia
What to see in Zagreb in a day, driving to visit the city high and low, cathedral and museum of broken hearts.
Capital of Croatia, Zagreb is located at the foot of the hill Medvednica, on the north bank of the river Sava. The territory of Zagreb has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Ancient times we hear the well-preserved remains of Andautonia, located where today is the village Scitarjevo, near Zagreb, which testify to the Roman presence in this area.
In the eleventh century, the Hungarian king Ladislaus founded a bishopric on the hill of Kaptol and at the same time, on the nearby hill of Gradec, originated another inhabited independent of the bishop.
After the Mongol invasion in 1242, King Bela IV made Gradec a free city to attract merchants and craftsmen, giving a major boost to the growth of the town. The two settlements, Gradec and Kaptol, became a single city, Zagreb, at the beginning of the seventeenth century, after spending more than two centuries marked by mutual rivalry. The two nuclei took agreements only for commercial reasons when they held the big markets.
What to see in Zagreb in a day
Today Zagreb consists of a top part that includes historical centers of Gradec and Kaptol, and a lower part, Donji Grad, of more recent origin. Gradec is also called Gornji grad, which means high city. The central part of the city’s Ban Josip Jelacic Square, located at the base of Gradec and Kaptol, near the source Mandusevac.
The square in the past was the seat of the markets, today is a meeting place, and event hosts various festivals, the buildings that surround it date back to the nineteenth century. At the base of the fountain Mandusevac, gushes the source, until the end of the nineteenth century, supplied water to the city.
Along the steep street Radiceva you reach Gornji Grad, upper town, going through the Stone Gate, the only ancient gate of the city, where there is the icon of the Virgin that miraculously survived the fire occurred in the ancient tower port, in 1731. This sacred image of the Madonna and Child is much venerated by the faithful, is celebrated on 31 May.
In the center of the Upper Town stands the Church of San Marco, which is the square of the same name in the late Gothic style, with a roof dating from the late nineteenth century, built with glazed polychrome white, red and celestial, characterized by emblems of the Habsburg Monarchy of Croatia and the city of Zagreb. In the district of Kaptol is one of the symbols of the city, the Cathedral of Zababria, dedicated to the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which began building shortly after the founding of the city, in the eleventh century.
The building is in different architectural styles, as it reached its present form, with the two towers visible from every part of the city, after the earthquake of 1880, so many centuries after the beginning of its construction. The defense walls with towers around the cathedral were built in the sixteenth century, when there was the danger of attacks by the Turks.
Near the Cathedral is the Dolac market, the most distinctive among the many outdoor markets that abound in the city. Tkalciceva Street is a very lively street in Zagreb, full of traditional shops and restaurants.
Where today there is this road flowed the stream Medvescak, that divided the towns of Gradec and Kaptol, towards the end of the nineteenth century, for reasons of pollution caused by processes that were taking place on the site, it was decided to cover and the construction of road. While the street Bridge of Blood, named after the bridge that was the scene of clashes between Gradec and Kaptol. The bridge connecting the two settlements Blood was demolished in 1899.
Which museums to visit in Zagreb
– Archaeological Museum in Zagreb, founded in 1846 and full of valuable collections, such as the so-called Book of Etruscan Zagreb mummy, corresponding to the longest text in Etruscan language to date found, consisting of a strip of linen long and about 13 meters high about 40 centimeters, arrived in Egypt for reasons unknown, where it was cut into strips and used improperly to wrap a mummy, which was bought by a collector Croatian in 1848.
– Mimara Museum, opened in 1987, is located in Piazza Roosevelt in a Neo Renaissance of the late nineteenth century. The Museum was born thanks to major donations of Ante Topic-Mimara, a Croatian collector who donated its precious art collections. The exhibition includes works of the ancient world, European collections from the Middle Ages to the twentieth century, and works of art from the East and from the Middle East.
– Museum of broken hearts, also called Museum of Relations finished or broken hearts. It is a very innovative and unique museum, originally a traveling exhibition, then become stable, which collects objects that have been part of a lost love. Who wants to get rid of their own memories can donate them to the museum and become part of the collection.